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Decreasing and increasing marginal impatience and the terms of trade in an interdependent world economy


  • Hirose, Ken-Ichi
  • Ikeda, Shinsuke


Using a two-good, two-country model, we examine macroeconomic adjustment by allowing for decreasing and increasing marginal impatience (DMI and IMI). In the reference case where both countries have IMI, a negative output shock in one country lowers the interest rate and both countries' welfare levels in steady state, whereas, when either one country has DMI, the negative income shock raises the interest rate, thereby benefiting the IMI country and harming the DMI one in steady state. In a country either with IMI or DMI, the Harberger–Laursen–Metzler effect takes place if negative ‘welfare-supporting’ effects dominate positive ‘income-compensating’ effects.

Suggested Citation

  • Hirose, Ken-Ichi & Ikeda, Shinsuke, 2012. "Decreasing and increasing marginal impatience and the terms of trade in an interdependent world economy," Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control, Elsevier, vol. 36(10), pages 1551-1565.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:dyncon:v:36:y:2012:i:10:p:1551-1565 DOI: 10.1016/j.jedc.2012.04.003

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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Shinsuke Ikeda & Takeshi Ojima, 2017. "Tempting Goods, Self-Control Fatigue, and Time Preference in Consumer Dynamics," Vienna Economics Papers 1704, University of Vienna, Department of Economics.
    2. Taketo Kawagishi & Kazuo Mino, 2016. "Time Preference and Income Convergence in a Dynamic Heckscher–Ohlin Model," Review of International Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 24(3), pages 592-603, August.
    3. Kazumichi Iwasa & Laixun Zhao, 2013. "Inequalities and Patience for Tomorrow," KIER Working Papers 847, Kyoto University, Institute of Economic Research.
    4. Ken-Ichi Hirose & Shinsuke Ikeda, 2013. "Time Preference and Dynamic Stability in an N-Country World Economy," ISER Discussion Paper 0887, Institute of Social and Economic Research, Osaka University.
    5. Been-Lon Chen & Yunfang Hu & Kazuo Mino, 2016. "Stabilization Effects of Taxation Rules in Small-Open Economies with Endogenous Growth," KIER Working Papers 946, Kyoto University, Institute of Economic Research.
    6. Ken-Ichi Hirose & Shinsuke Ikeda, 2013. "Decreasing Marginal Impatience and Capital Accumulation in a Two-country World Economy," ISER Discussion Paper 0882, Institute of Social and Economic Research, Osaka University.
    7. Hirose, K. & Ikeda, Shinsuke, 2015. "Decreasing marginal impatience destabilizes multi-country economies," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 50(C), pages 237-244.

    More about this item


    Decreasing (increasing) marginal impatience; Two-country economy; Terms of trade; Current account;

    JEL classification:

    • F41 - International Economics - - Macroeconomic Aspects of International Trade and Finance - - - Open Economy Macroeconomics
    • F32 - International Economics - - International Finance - - - Current Account Adjustment; Short-term Capital Movements
    • E00 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - General - - - General


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