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Portfolio size and information disclosure: An analysis of startup accelerators

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  • Kim, Jin-Hyuk
  • Wagman, Liad

Abstract

We study the information-gathering role of a startup accelerator and consider the accelerator's incentives to choose a portfolio size and disclose information about participating ventures. We show that in a rational-expectations equilibrium, the resultant portfolio size is smaller than the first-best (efficient) level, consistent with some real-world observations. We further show that when some signals are uninformative and the portfolio consists of mostly high-quality ventures, the accelerator may choose to disclose only positive signals (and conceal negative signals) about its portfolio firms — a strategy we refer to as partial disclosure. Moreover, coupled with pursuing this strategy of partial disclosure, we demonstrate that the accelerator may possess incentives to exit its portfolio firms early.

Suggested Citation

  • Kim, Jin-Hyuk & Wagman, Liad, 2014. "Portfolio size and information disclosure: An analysis of startup accelerators," Journal of Corporate Finance, Elsevier, vol. 29(C), pages 520-534.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:corfin:v:29:y:2014:i:c:p:520-534
    DOI: 10.1016/j.jcorpfin.2014.10.017
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    Cited by:

    1. Del Sarto, Nicola & Isabelle, Diane A. & Di Minin, Alberto, 2020. "The role of accelerators in firm survival: An fsQCA analysis of Italian startups," Technovation, Elsevier, vol. 90.
    2. Gonzalez-Uribe, Juanita & Leatherbee, Michael, 2018. "The effects of business accelerators on venture performance: evidence from start-up Chile," LSE Research Online Documents on Economics 84553, London School of Economics and Political Science, LSE Library.
    3. Yael V. Hochberg, 2016. "Accelerating Entrepreneurs and Ecosystems: The Seed Accelerator Model," Innovation Policy and the Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 16(1), pages 25-51.
    4. Will Drover & Matthew S. Wood & Andrew Zacharakis, 2017. "Attributes of Angel and Crowdfunded Investments as Determinants of VC Screening Decisions," Entrepreneurship Theory and Practice, , vol. 41(3), pages 323-347, May.
    5. Ross Brown & Suzanne Mawson & Neil Lee & Lauren Peterson, 2019. "Start-up factories, transnational entrepreneurs and entrepreneurial ecosystems: unpacking the lure of start-up accelerator programmes," European Planning Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 27(5), pages 885-904, May.
    6. Yael V. Hochberg, 2015. "Accelerating Entrepreneurs and Ecosystems: The Seed Accelerator Model," NBER Chapters, in: Innovation Policy and the Economy, Volume 16, pages 25-51, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    7. Emil Lucian Crișan & Irina Iulia Salanță & Ioana Natalia Beleiu & Ovidiu Niculae Bordean & Raluca Bunduchi, 2021. "A systematic literature review on accelerators," The Journal of Technology Transfer, Springer, vol. 46(1), pages 62-89, February.
    8. Pauwels, Charlotte & Clarysse, Bart & Wright, Mike & Van Hove, Jonas, 2016. "Understanding a new generation incubation model: The accelerator," Technovation, Elsevier, vol. 50, pages 13-24.
    9. Lall, Saurabh A. & Chen, Li-Wei & Roberts, Peter W., 2020. "Are we accelerating equity investment into impact-oriented ventures?," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 131(C).
    10. Maria Urbaniec & Agnieszka Żur, 2021. "Business model innovation in corporate entrepreneurship: exploratory insights from corporate accelerators," International Entrepreneurship and Management Journal, Springer, vol. 17(2), pages 865-888, June.
    11. Pustovrh, Ales & Rangus, Kaja & Drnovšek, Mateja, 2020. "The role of open innovation in developing an entrepreneurial support ecosystem," Technological Forecasting and Social Change, Elsevier, vol. 152(C).

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Startup accelerators; Early-stage financing; Portfolio size; Information disclosure;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • D82 - Microeconomics - - Information, Knowledge, and Uncertainty - - - Asymmetric and Private Information; Mechanism Design
    • G24 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Investment Banking; Venture Capital; Brokerage
    • G32 - Financial Economics - - Corporate Finance and Governance - - - Financing Policy; Financial Risk and Risk Management; Capital and Ownership Structure; Value of Firms; Goodwill

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