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Border effects in the variability of rice price in the Indian subcontinent: Results from a natural experiment

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  • Morshed, A.K.M. Mahbub

Abstract

The presence of a national border seems to increase the variability of consumer price for cross-border locations. Most of the empirical studies have been conducted in a with or without a border framework. Researchers compared price variation at locations in different countries with price variation at locations within a country. We adopted a complementary before and after a border framework. Prices at locations under different political regimes in different time periods were used to examine whether the creation of national borders is of any significance in consumer price variability. We found the price variability of rice for cross border city pairs increased significantly during the Pakistan period - when the Indian Subcontinent was composed of two independent countries - while it increased slightly during the Bangladesh period when the same geographic region was composed of three different countries.

Suggested Citation

  • Morshed, A.K.M. Mahbub, 2011. "Border effects in the variability of rice price in the Indian subcontinent: Results from a natural experiment," Journal of Asian Economics, Elsevier, vol. 22(4), pages 295-301, August.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:asieco:v:22:y:2011:i:4:p:295-301
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Yuriy Gorodnichenko & Linda L. Tesar, 2009. "Border Effect or Country Effect? Seattle May Not Be So Far from Vancouver After All," American Economic Journal: Macroeconomics, American Economic Association, vol. 1(1), pages 219-241, January.
    2. Engel, Charles & Rogers, John H, 1996. "How Wide Is the Border?," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 86(5), pages 1112-1125, December.
    3. James E. Anderson & Eric van Wincoop, 2004. "Trade Costs," Journal of Economic Literature, American Economic Association, vol. 42(3), pages 691-751, September.
    4. Charles Engel & John H. Rogers & Shing-Yi Wang, 2003. "Revisiting the Border: an assessment of the law of one price using very disaggregated consumer price data," International Finance Discussion Papers 777, Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (U.S.).
    5. White, Halbert, 1980. "A Heteroskedasticity-Consistent Covariance Matrix Estimator and a Direct Test for Heteroskedasticity," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 48(4), pages 817-838, May.
    6. Mahbub Morshed, A. K. M., 2003. "What can we learn from a large border effect in developing countries?," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 72(1), pages 353-369, October.
    7. Pinelopi Koujianou Goldberg & Frank Verboven, 2001. "The Evolution of Price Dispersion in the European Car Market," Review of Economic Studies, Oxford University Press, vol. 68(4), pages 811-848.
    8. Ravallion, Martin, 1990. "Rural Welfare Effects of Food Price Changes under Induced Wage Responses: Theory and Evidence for Bangladesh," Oxford Economic Papers, Oxford University Press, vol. 42(3), pages 574-585, July.
    9. Parsley, David C. & Wei, Shang-Jin, 2001. "Explaining the border effect: the role of exchange rate variability, shipping costs, and geography," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 55(1), pages 87-105, October.
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    Cited by:

    1. Thomas Fullerton & Adam Walke, 2014. "Homicides, exchange rates, and northern border retail activity in Mexico," The Annals of Regional Science, Springer;Western Regional Science Association, vol. 53(3), pages 631-647, November.

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