IDEAS home Printed from https://ideas.repec.org/a/eee/appene/v156y2015icp490-501.html
   My bibliography  Save this article

CO2-abatement cost of residential heat pumps with active demand response: demand- and supply-side effects

Author

Listed:
  • Patteeuw, Dieter
  • Reynders, Glenn
  • Bruninx, Kenneth
  • Protopapadaki, Christina
  • Delarue, Erik
  • D’haeseleer, William
  • Saelens, Dirk
  • Helsen, Lieve

Abstract

Heat pumps are widely recognized as a key technology to reduce CO2 emissions in the residential building sector, especially when the electricity-generation system is to decarbonize by means of large-scale introduction of renewable electric power generation sources. If heat pumps would be installed in large numbers in the future, the question arises whether all building types show equal benefits and thus should be given the same priority for deployment. This paper aims at answering this question by determining the CO2-abatement cost of installing a heat pump instead of a condensing gas boiler for residential space heating and domestic hot-water production. The electricity system, as well as the building types, are based on a possible future Belgian setting in 2030 with high RES penetration at the electricity-generation side. The added value of this work compared to the current scientific literature lies in the integrated approach, taking both the electricity-generation system and a bottom up building stock model into account. Furthermore, this paper analyzes the possible benefits of active demand response in this framework. The results show that the main drivers for determining the CO2-abatement cost are the renovation level of the building and the type of heat pump installed. For thoroughly insulated buildings, an air-coupled heat pump combined with floor heating is the most economic heating system in terms of CO2-abatement cost. Finally, performing active demand response shows clear benefits in reducing costs. Substantial peak shaving can be achieved, making peak capacity at the electricity generation side superfluous, hence lowering the overall CO2-abatement cost.

Suggested Citation

  • Patteeuw, Dieter & Reynders, Glenn & Bruninx, Kenneth & Protopapadaki, Christina & Delarue, Erik & D’haeseleer, William & Saelens, Dirk & Helsen, Lieve, 2015. "CO2-abatement cost of residential heat pumps with active demand response: demand- and supply-side effects," Applied Energy, Elsevier, vol. 156(C), pages 490-501.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:appene:v:156:y:2015:i:c:p:490-501
    DOI: 10.1016/j.apenergy.2015.07.038
    as

    Download full text from publisher

    File URL: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0306261915008673
    Download Restriction: Full text for ScienceDirect subscribers only

    As the access to this document is restricted, you may want to search for a different version of it.

    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Nordhaus, William D, 1991. "To Slow or Not to Slow: The Economics of the Greenhouse Effect," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 101(407), pages 920-937, July.
    2. Patteeuw, Dieter & Bruninx, Kenneth & Arteconi, Alessia & Delarue, Erik & D’haeseleer, William & Helsen, Lieve, 2015. "Integrated modeling of active demand response with electric heating systems coupled to thermal energy storage systems," Applied Energy, Elsevier, vol. 151(C), pages 306-319.
    3. Schicktanz, M.D. & Wapler, J. & Henning, H.-M., 2011. "Primary energy and economic analysis of combined heating, cooling and power systems," Energy, Elsevier, vol. 36(1), pages 575-585.
    4. Dupont, B. & Dietrich, K. & De Jonghe, C. & Ramos, A. & Belmans, R., 2014. "Impact of residential demand response on power system operation: A Belgian case study," Applied Energy, Elsevier, vol. 122(C), pages 1-10.
    5. Pensini, Alessandro & Rasmussen, Claus N. & Kempton, Willett, 2014. "Economic analysis of using excess renewable electricity to displace heating fuels," Applied Energy, Elsevier, vol. 131(C), pages 530-543.
    6. Hawkes, A.D., 2014. "Long-run marginal CO2 emissions factors in national electricity systems," Applied Energy, Elsevier, vol. 125(C), pages 197-205.
    7. Anandarajah, Gabrial & Gambhir, Ajay, 2014. "India’s CO2 emission pathways to 2050: What role can renewables play?," Applied Energy, Elsevier, vol. 131(C), pages 79-86.
    8. Stadler, M. & Kloess, M. & Groissböck, M. & Cardoso, G. & Sharma, R. & Bozchalui, M.C. & Marnay, C., 2013. "Electric storage in California’s commercial buildings," Applied Energy, Elsevier, vol. 104(C), pages 711-722.
    9. Arrow, K. & Cropper, M. & Gollier, C. & Groom, B. & Heal, G. & Newell, R. & Nordhaus, W. & Pindyck, R. & Pizer, W. & Portney, P. & Sterner, T. & Tol, R. S. J. & Weitzman, Martin L., 2013. "Determining Benefits and Costs for Future Generations," Scholarly Articles 12841963, Harvard University Department of Economics.
    10. Delarue, E.D. & Ellerman, A.D. & D'haeseleer, W.D., 2010. "Robust MACCs? The topography of abatement by fuel switching in the European power sector," Energy, Elsevier, vol. 35(3), pages 1465-1475.
    11. Blarke, Morten B., 2012. "Towards an intermittency-friendly energy system: Comparing electric boilers and heat pumps in distributed cogeneration," Applied Energy, Elsevier, vol. 91(1), pages 349-365.
    12. Johnston, D. & Lowe, R. & Bell, M., 2005. "An exploration of the technical feasibility of achieving CO2 emission reductions in excess of 60% within the UK housing stock by the year 2050," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 33(13), pages 1643-1659, September.
    13. Bettle, R. & Pout, C.H. & Hitchin, E.R., 2006. "Interactions between electricity-saving measures and carbon emissions from power generation in England and Wales," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 34(18), pages 3434-3446, December.
    14. Baetens, R. & De Coninck, R. & Van Roy, J. & Verbruggen, B. & Driesen, J. & Helsen, L. & Saelens, D., 2012. "Assessing electrical bottlenecks at feeder level for residential net zero-energy buildings by integrated system simulation," Applied Energy, Elsevier, vol. 96(C), pages 74-83.
    15. Waite, Michael & Modi, Vijay, 2014. "Potential for increased wind-generated electricity utilization using heat pumps in urban areas," Applied Energy, Elsevier, vol. 135(C), pages 634-642.
    16. Peeters, Leen & Dear, Richard de & Hensen, Jan & D'haeseleer, William, 2009. "Thermal comfort in residential buildings: Comfort values and scales for building energy simulation," Applied Energy, Elsevier, vol. 86(5), pages 772-780, May.
    17. Bayer, Peter & Saner, Dominik & Bolay, Stephan & Rybach, Ladislaus & Blum, Philipp, 2012. "Greenhouse gas emission savings of ground source heat pump systems in Europe: A review," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 16(2), pages 1256-1267.
    18. Van den Bergh, Kenneth & Delarue, Erik, 2015. "Quantifying CO2 abatement costs in the power sector," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 80(C), pages 88-97.
    19. Hedegaard, Karsten & Mathiesen, Brian Vad & Lund, Henrik & Heiselberg, Per, 2012. "Wind power integration using individual heat pumps – Analysis of different heat storage options," Energy, Elsevier, vol. 47(1), pages 284-293.
    20. Mathiesen, B.V. & Lund, H. & Connolly, D. & Wenzel, H. & Østergaard, P.A. & Möller, B. & Nielsen, S. & Ridjan, I. & Karnøe, P. & Sperling, K. & Hvelplund, F.K., 2015. "Smart Energy Systems for coherent 100% renewable energy and transport solutions," Applied Energy, Elsevier, vol. 145(C), pages 139-154.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    Citations

    Citations are extracted by the CitEc Project, subscribe to its RSS feed for this item.
    as


    Cited by:

    1. repec:eee:appene:v:236:y:2019:i:c:p:101-116 is not listed on IDEAS
    2. Patteeuw, Dieter & Henze, Gregor P. & Helsen, Lieve, 2016. "Comparison of load shifting incentives for low-energy buildings with heat pumps to attain grid flexibility benefits," Applied Energy, Elsevier, vol. 167(C), pages 80-92.
    3. repec:eee:enepol:v:109:y:2017:i:c:p:441-451 is not listed on IDEAS
    4. repec:eee:renene:v:131:y:2019:i:c:p:700-712 is not listed on IDEAS
    5. Andreas Bloess & Wolf-Peter Schill & Alexander Zerrahn, 2017. "Power-to-Heat for Renewable Energy Integration: Technologies, Modeling Approaches, and Flexibility Potentials," Discussion Papers of DIW Berlin 1677, DIW Berlin, German Institute for Economic Research.
    6. repec:eee:appene:v:195:y:2017:i:c:p:184-195 is not listed on IDEAS
    7. repec:eee:energy:v:138:y:2017:i:c:p:60-78 is not listed on IDEAS
    8. repec:gam:jeners:v:12:y:2018:i:1:p:5-:d:192115 is not listed on IDEAS
    9. Singh Gaur, Ankita & Fitiwi, Desta & Curtis, John, 2019. "Heat pumps and their role in decarbonising heating Sector: a comprehensive review," Papers WP627, Economic and Social Research Institute (ESRI).
    10. repec:eee:renene:v:138:y:2019:i:c:p:598-609 is not listed on IDEAS
    11. repec:eee:appene:v:198:y:2017:i:c:p:192-202 is not listed on IDEAS
    12. repec:zbw:espost:200120 is not listed on IDEAS
    13. Jiang, Bo & Muzhikyan, Aramazd & Farid, Amro M. & Youcef-Toumi, Kamal, 2017. "Demand side management in power grid enterprise control: A comparison of industrial & social welfare approaches," Applied Energy, Elsevier, vol. 187(C), pages 833-846.
    14. Arteconi, Alessia & Patteeuw, Dieter & Bruninx, Kenneth & Delarue, Erik & D’haeseleer, William & Helsen, Lieve, 2016. "Active demand response with electric heating systems: Impact of market penetration," Applied Energy, Elsevier, vol. 177(C), pages 636-648.
    15. Protopapadaki, Christina & Saelens, Dirk, 2017. "Heat pump and PV impact on residential low-voltage distribution grids as a function of building and district properties," Applied Energy, Elsevier, vol. 192(C), pages 268-281.
    16. Georges, Emeline & Cornélusse, Bertrand & Ernst, Damien & Lemort, Vincent & Mathieu, Sébastien, 2017. "Residential heat pump as flexible load for direct control service with parametrized duration and rebound effect," Applied Energy, Elsevier, vol. 187(C), pages 140-153.
    17. repec:eee:appene:v:210:y:2018:i:c:p:1310-1320 is not listed on IDEAS
    18. repec:eee:energy:v:152:y:2018:i:c:p:154-165 is not listed on IDEAS
    19. repec:eee:appene:v:239:y:2019:i:c:p:836-845 is not listed on IDEAS
    20. repec:eee:appene:v:212:y:2018:i:c:p:1611-1626 is not listed on IDEAS

    Corrections

    All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. You can help correct errors and omissions. When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:eee:appene:v:156:y:2015:i:c:p:490-501. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Dana Niculescu). General contact details of provider: http://www.elsevier.com/wps/find/journaldescription.cws_home/405891/description#description .

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    If CitEc recognized a reference but did not link an item in RePEc to it, you can help with this form .

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your RePEc Author Service profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    IDEAS is a RePEc service hosted by the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis . RePEc uses bibliographic data supplied by the respective publishers.