A crop water stress index and time threshold for automatic irrigation scheduling of grain sorghum
Variations of the crop water stress index (CWSI) have been used to characterize plant water stress and schedule irrigations. Usually, this thermal-based stress index has been calculated from measurements taken once daily or over a short period of time, near solar noon or after and in cloud free conditions. A method of integrating the CWSI over a day was developed to avoid the noise that may occur if weather prevents a clear CWSI signal near solar noon. This CWSI and time threshold (CWSI-TT) was the accumulated time that the CWSI was greater than a threshold value (0.45); and it was compared with a time threshold (CWSI-TT) based on a well-watered crop. We investigated the effectiveness of the CWSI-TT to automatically control irrigation of short and long season grain sorghum hybrids (Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench, NC+ 5C35 and Pioneer 84G62); and to examine crop response to deficit irrigation treatments (i.e. 80%, 55%, 30% and 0% of full replenishment of soil water depletion to 1.5-m depth). Results from automated irrigation scheduling were compared to those from manual irrigation based on weekly neutron probe readings. In 2009, results from the Automatic irrigation were mixed; biomass yields in the 55% and 0% treatments, dry grain yields in the 80% and 0% treatments, and WUE in the 80%, 55%, and 0% treatments were not significantly different from those in the corresponding Manual treatments. However, dry grain yields in the 55% and 30% treatments were significantly less than those in the Manual control plots. These differences were due mainly to soil water variability in the beginning of the growing season. This conclusion is reinforced by the fact that IWUE for dry grain yield was not significantly different for 30% and 55% treatments, and was significantly greater for Automatic control at 80%. In 2010, there were no significant differences in biomass, dry grain yield, WUE, or IWUE for irrigation control methods when compared across the same amount treatments. Similar results between irrigation methods for at least the highest irrigation rate (80% of soil water depletion) in 2009 and among all irrigation treatment amounts in 2010 indicate that the CWSI-TT method can be an effective trigger for automatically scheduling either full or deficit irrigations for grain sorghum in a semi-arid region.
If you experience problems downloading a file, check if you have the proper application to view it first. In case of further problems read the IDEAS help page. Note that these files are not on the IDEAS site. Please be patient as the files may be large.
As the access to this document is restricted, you may want to look for a different version under "Related research" (further below) or search for a different version of it.
References listed on IDEAS
Please report citation or reference errors to , or , if you are the registered author of the cited work, log in to your RePEc Author Service profile, click on "citations" and make appropriate adjustments.:
- Olufayo, A. & Baldy, C. & Ruelle, P., 1996. "Sorghum yield, water use and canopy temperatures under different levels of irrigation," Agricultural Water Management, Elsevier, vol. 30(1), pages 77-90, March.
- Gontia, N.K. & Tiwari, K.N., 2008. "Development of crop water stress index of wheat crop for scheduling irrigation using infrared thermometry," Agricultural Water Management, Elsevier, vol. 95(10), pages 1144-1152, October.
- Yuan, Guofu & Luo, Yi & Sun, Xiaomin & Tang, Dengyin, 2004. "Evaluation of a crop water stress index for detecting water stress in winter wheat in the North China Plain," Agricultural Water Management, Elsevier, vol. 64(1), pages 29-40, January.
- Emekli, Yasar & Bastug, Ruhi & Buyuktas, Dursun & Emekli, Nefise Yasemin, 2007. "Evaluation of a crop water stress index for irrigation scheduling of bermudagrass," Agricultural Water Management, Elsevier, vol. 90(3), pages 205-212, June.
When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:eee:agiwat:v:107:y:2012:i:c:p:122-132. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.
For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Shamier, Wendy)
If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.
If references are entirely missing, you can add them using this form.
If the full references list an item that is present in RePEc, but the system did not link to it, you can help with this form.
If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.
Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.