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Relationships among CO2 Emissions, Economic Growth and Foreign Direct Investment and the Environmental Kuznets Curve Hypothesis in Turkey

Author

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  • Mesut Balýbey

    (Faculty of Economics and Administrative Sciences, Tunceli University, Tunceli, Turkey.)

Abstract

This study examines the causal relationships between economic growth, carbon dioxide emission and foreign direct investment (FDI) and evaluates the environmental kuznets curve (EKC) hypothesis for Turkey in 1974-2011. Firstly, the causality relationships investigated by using the Johansen Cointegration test, The Granger Causality Test, Impulse-Response and Variance Decomposition Analysis of vector autoregression model (VAR) model. The causality relationships display that FDI (LFDI) and economic growth (LGDP) have a significant effect on carbon dioxide emissions (LCO2). Moreover, impulse-response functions and variance-decompositions of VAR model support these relationships among LGDP, LCO2 and LFDI. Secondly, the study investigates the validity of the EKC hypothesis in Turkey for the period 1974-2011 by using regression model approach for the various EKC model forms such as linear, quadratic, and cubic. Consequently, economic growth leads to degradation of environment and depletion of natural resources. It must be the major aim to obtain a sustainable economic growth by less CO2 emissions and consuming less energy. Moreover, the policy makers may take account exogenous impacts such as foreign investments to plan energy policies, and to maintain economic growth against global climate warming.

Suggested Citation

  • Mesut Balýbey, 2015. "Relationships among CO2 Emissions, Economic Growth and Foreign Direct Investment and the Environmental Kuznets Curve Hypothesis in Turkey," International Journal of Energy Economics and Policy, Econjournals, vol. 5(4), pages 1042-1049.
  • Handle: RePEc:eco:journ2:2015-04-16
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Halicioglu, Ferda, 2009. "An econometric study of CO2 emissions, energy consumption, income and foreign trade in Turkey," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 37(3), pages 1156-1164, March.
    2. Kim, Sei-wan & Lee, Kihoon & Nam, Kiseok, 2010. "The relationship between CO2 emissions and economic growth: The case of Korea with nonlinear evidence," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 38(10), pages 5938-5946, October.
    3. Choi, Eunho & Heshmati, Almas & Cho, Yongsung, 2010. "An Empirical Study of the Relationships between CO2 Emissions, Economic Growth and Openness," IZA Discussion Papers 5304, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
    4. Dinda, Soumyananda, 2004. "Environmental Kuznets Curve Hypothesis: A Survey," Ecological Economics, Elsevier, vol. 49(4), pages 431-455, August.
    5. Gene M. Grossman & Alan B. Krueger, 1991. "Environmental Impacts of a North American Free Trade Agreement," NBER Working Papers 3914, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    6. Sahbi Farhani & Jaleleddine Ben Rejeb, 2012. "Energy Consumption, Economic Growth and CO2 Emissions: Evidence from Panel Data for MENA Region," International Journal of Energy Economics and Policy, Econjournals, vol. 2(2), pages 71-81.
    7. Kaplan, Muhittin & Ozturk, Ilhan & Kalyoncu, Huseyin, 2011. "Energy Consumption and Economic Growth in Turkey: Cointegration and Causality Analysis," Journal for Economic Forecasting, Institute for Economic Forecasting, vol. 0(2), pages 31-41, June.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    More about this item

    Keywords

    CO2 Emission; Economic Growth; Environmental Kuznets Curve Hypothesis; Granger Causality; Johansen Cointeration; Impulse-Response;

    JEL classification:

    • C58 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric Modeling - - - Financial Econometrics
    • C51 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric Modeling - - - Model Construction and Estimation
    • Q43 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Energy - - - Energy and the Macroeconomy
    • Q56 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics - - - Environment and Development; Environment and Trade; Sustainability; Environmental Accounts and Accounting; Environmental Equity; Population Growth

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