Relationships among CO2 Emissions, Economic Growth and Foreign Direct Investment and the Environmental Kuznets Curve Hypothesis in Turkey
This study examines the causal relationships between economic growth, carbon dioxide emission and foreign direct investment (FDI) and evaluates the environmental kuznets curve (EKC) hypothesis for Turkey in 1974-2011. Firstly, the causality relationships investigated by using the Johansen Cointegration test, The Granger Causality Test, Impulse-Response and Variance Decomposition Analysis of vector autoregression model (VAR) model. The causality relationships display that FDI (LFDI) and economic growth (LGDP) have a significant effect on carbon dioxide emissions (LCO2). Moreover, impulse-response functions and variance-decompositions of VAR model support these relationships among LGDP, LCO2 and LFDI. Secondly, the study investigates the validity of the EKC hypothesis in Turkey for the period 1974-2011 by using regression model approach for the various EKC model forms such as linear, quadratic, and cubic. Consequently, economic growth leads to degradation of environment and depletion of natural resources. It must be the major aim to obtain a sustainable economic growth by less CO2 emissions and consuming less energy. Moreover, the policy makers may take account exogenous impacts such as foreign investments to plan energy policies, and to maintain economic growth against global climate warming.
Volume (Year): 5 (2015)
Issue (Month): 4 ()
|Contact details of provider:|| Web page: http://www.econjournals.com|
References listed on IDEAS
Please report citation or reference errors to , or , if you are the registered author of the cited work, log in to your RePEc Author Service profile, click on "citations" and make appropriate adjustments.:
- Halicioglu, Ferda, 2009.
"An econometric study of CO2 emissions, energy consumption, income and foreign trade in Turkey,"
Elsevier, vol. 37(3), pages 1156-1164, March.
- Halicioglu, Ferda, 2008. "An econometric study of CO2 emissions, energy consumption, income and foreign trade in Turkey," MPRA Paper 11457, University Library of Munich, Germany.
- Grossman, G.M & Krueger, A.B., 1991.
"Environmental Impacts of a North American Free Trade Agreement,"
158, Princeton, Woodrow Wilson School - Public and International Affairs.
- Grossman, Gene & Krueger, Alan B, 1992. "Environmental Impacts of a North American Free Trade Agreement," CEPR Discussion Papers 644, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
- Gene M. Grossman & Alan B. Krueger, 1991. "Environmental Impacts of a North American Free Trade Agreement," NBER Working Papers 3914, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
- Sahbi Farhani & Jaleleddine Ben Rejeb, 2012. "Energy Consumption, Economic Growth and CO2 Emissions: Evidence from Panel Data for MENA Region," International Journal of Energy Economics and Policy, Econjournals, vol. 2(2), pages 71-81.
- Kim, Sei-wan & Lee, Kihoon & Nam, Kiseok, 2010. "The relationship between CO2 emissions and economic growth: The case of Korea with nonlinear evidence," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 38(10), pages 5938-5946, October.
- Choi, Eunho & Heshmati, Almas & Cho, Yongsung, 2010. "An Empirical Study of the Relationships between CO2 Emissions, Economic Growth and Openness," IZA Discussion Papers 5304, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
- Dinda, Soumyananda, 2004. "Environmental Kuznets Curve Hypothesis: A Survey," Ecological Economics, Elsevier, vol. 49(4), pages 431-455, August.
- Kaplan, Muhittin & Ozturk, Ilhan & Kalyoncu, Huseyin, 2011. "Energy Consumption and Economic Growth in Turkey: Cointegration and Causality Analysis," Journal for Economic Forecasting, Institute for Economic Forecasting, vol. 0(2), pages 31-41, June.
When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:eco:journ2:2015-04-16. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.
For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Ilhan Ozturk)
If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.
If references are entirely missing, you can add them using this form.
If the full references list an item that is present in RePEc, but the system did not link to it, you can help with this form.
If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.
Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.