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Noncausality in Continuous Time

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  • Florens, Jean-Pierre
  • Fougere, Denis

Abstract

Different concepts of noncausality for continuous time processes, using conditional independence and decomposition of semimartingales, are defined. As in the discrete-time setup, continuous time noncausality is a property concerned with the prediction horizon (global versus instantaneous noncausality) and the nature of the prediction (strong versus weak noncausality). Relations between the resulting continuous time noncausality concepts are then studied for the class of decomposable semimartingales for which, in general, the weak instantaneous noncausality does not imply the strong global noncausality. The paper then characterizes these different concepts in the case of counting processes and Markov processes. Copyright 1996 by The Econometric Society.

Suggested Citation

  • Florens, Jean-Pierre & Fougere, Denis, 1996. "Noncausality in Continuous Time," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 64(5), pages 1195-1212, September.
  • Handle: RePEc:ecm:emetrp:v:64:y:1996:i:5:p:1195-1212
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    1. repec:bla:jtsera:v:38:y:2017:i:2:p:225-242 is not listed on IDEAS
    2. Cheng, Yu-Hsiang & Huang, Tzee-Ming, 2012. "A conditional independence test for dependent data based on maximal conditional correlation," Journal of Multivariate Analysis, Elsevier, vol. 107(C), pages 210-226.
    3. Taoufik Bouezmarni & Jeroen V.K. Rombouts & Abderrahim Taamouti, 2011. "Nonparametric Copula-Based Test for Conditional Independence with Applications to Granger Causality," Journal of Business & Economic Statistics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 30(2), pages 275-287, October.
    4. Renault, Eric & Werker, Bas J.M., 2011. "Causality effects in return volatility measures with random times," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 160(1), pages 272-279, January.
    5. McCrorie, J. Roderick & Chambers, Marcus J., 2006. "Granger causality and the sampling of economic processes," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 132(2), pages 311-336, June.
    6. Garcia, R. & Renault, E., 1998. "Risk Aversion, Intertemporal Substitution, and Option Pricing," Cahiers de recherche 9801, Centre interuniversitaire de recherche en économie quantitative, CIREQ.
    7. Oliver Linton & Pedro Gozalo, 1996. "Conditional Independence Restrictions: Testing and Estimation," Cowles Foundation Discussion Papers 1140, Cowles Foundation for Research in Economics, Yale University.
    8. Vanessa Didelez, 2008. "Graphical models for marked point processes based on local independence," Journal of the Royal Statistical Society Series B, Royal Statistical Society, vol. 70(1), pages 245-264.
    9. Chambers, MJ & McCrorie, JR & Thornton, MA, 2017. "Continuous Time Modelling Based on an Exact Discrete Time Representation," Economics Discussion Papers 20497, University of Essex, Department of Economics.
    10. Cherubini, Umberto & Mulinacci, Sabrina & Romagnoli, Silvia, 2011. "A copula-based model of speculative price dynamics in discrete time," Journal of Multivariate Analysis, Elsevier, vol. 102(6), pages 1047-1063, July.
    11. Jonas Hallgren & Timo Koski, 2016. "Testing for Causality in Continuous Time Bayesian Network Models of High-Frequency Data," Papers 1601.06651, arXiv.org.
    12. Eichler Michael & Didelez Vanessa, 2009. "On Granger-causality and the effect of interventions in time series," Research Memorandum 003, Maastricht University, Maastricht Research School of Economics of Technology and Organization (METEOR).
    13. Van den Berg, Gerard J., 2001. "Duration models: specification, identification and multiple durations," Handbook of Econometrics,in: J.J. Heckman & E.E. Leamer (ed.), Handbook of Econometrics, edition 1, volume 5, chapter 55, pages 3381-3460 Elsevier.
    14. White, Halbert, 2006. "Time-series estimation of the effects of natural experiments," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 135(1-2), pages 527-566.
    15. Florens, Jean-Pierre, 2003. "Some technical issues in defining causality," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 112(1), pages 127-128, January.
    16. Petrovic, Ljiljana & Dimitrijevic, Sladjana, 2011. "Invariance of statistical causality under convergence," Statistics & Probability Letters, Elsevier, vol. 81(9), pages 1445-1448, September.
    17. Petrović, Ljiljana & Dimitrijević, Sladjana, 2012. "Causality with finite horizon of the past in continuous time," Statistics & Probability Letters, Elsevier, vol. 82(7), pages 1219-1223.
    18. Yacine Ait--Sahalia & Per A. Mykland, 2003. "The Effects of Random and Discrete Sampling when Estimating Continuous--Time Diffusions," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 71(2), pages 483-549, March.
    19. Daniel Commenges & Anne Gégout-Petit, 2009. "A general dynamical statistical model with causal interpretation," Journal of the Royal Statistical Society Series B, Royal Statistical Society, vol. 71(3), pages 719-736.

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