Regional Employment and Unemployment by Gender in Spain in comparison with other European Countries
We analyze regional employment by sector and gender in Spain and found that the highest values for women participation in labour correspond to services where the rates of male and females employed people, per one thousand inhabitants, in year 2009 was 287 of which 154 (54%) are women and 133 (46%) are men. These figures are below those of the USA and advanced European countries. Employment rate per one thousand inhabitants in Spain is particularly low in Education and Health with only 46 employments per one thousand people, while in Germany and USA reach, respectively, 78 and 100. There is a high concentration of female employment in Services. We found, both at regional level of Spain and at European countries level, that industrial production has, among other factors, an important positive effect on real value-added of Services and we estimate a panel model of 7 OECD countries for the period 1994-2006.
Volume (Year): 11 (2011)
Issue (Month): 1 ()
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- GUISAN, Maria-Carmen, 2008. "Manufacturing and Economic Development: Inter-sectoral relationships in Europe, America, Africa and Asia-Pacific, 1999-2006," Regional and Sectoral Economic Studies, Euro-American Association of Economic Development, vol. 8(2), pages 73-88.
- Guisan, M.C., 2004. "Education, Research and Manufacturing in EU25: An Inter-Sectoral Econometric Model of 151 European Regions, 1995-2000," Regional and Sectoral Economic Studies, Euro-American Association of Economic Development, vol. 4(2), pages 21-32.
- Guisan, M.Carmen & Aguayo, Eva & Exposito, Pilar, 2001. "Economic growth and cycles: Cross-country models of education, industry and fertility and international comparisons," Applied Econometrics and International Development, Euro-American Association of Economic Development, vol. 1(1), pages 9-37.
- Guisan, M.C. & Aguayo, E., 2006. "Employment by Sector in the European Union, the United States, Mexico and Canada, 1985-2005," Regional and Sectoral Economic Studies, Euro-American Association of Economic Development, vol. 6(1), pages 21-34.
- Guisan, M.C., 2010. "Employment in Private and Public Services: A Comparative Analysis of Commercial, Business and Social Services in Spain, France, Italy, Germany, UK and USA," Regional and Sectoral Economic Studies, Euro-American Association of Economic Development, vol. 10(1), pages 71-81.
- Aguayo, Eva & Guisan, M.Carmen, 2001. "Inversion Industrial y Empleo en las regiones españolas. 1976-1995," Regional and Sectoral Economic Studies, Euro-American Association of Economic Development, vol. 1(2), pages 69-88.
- Guisan, M.C., 2009. "Government Effectiveness, Education, Economic Development And Well-Being: Analysis Of European Countries In Comparison With The United States And Canada, 2000-2007," Applied Econometrics and International Development, Euro-American Association of Economic Development, vol. 9(1).
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