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Employment in Private and Public Services: A Comparative Analysis of Commercial, Business and Social Services in Spain, France, Italy, Germany, UK and USA

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  • Guisan, M.C.

Abstract

The European Union (EU) present lower average rates of employment and lower average wages than the United States of America, due to the lack of enough economic policies addressed to foster employment in private and public services in all their countries and regions, with a few positive exceptions of some small countries which present a very good behaviour of those variables. Although many EU countries have now a common currency they do not have, for the moment, enough common space for economic policy debates, which is of uppermost importance to advice improvements of decisions of EU Parliament and European Commission policies and to foster employment. EU Politicians, with a few worthy exceptions, usually do not show enough interest in advising by economic researchers and in several cases they prefer to follow erratic measures, introduced by non expert groups in the public debate, which they deem may alleviate the social pressure on politicians in the short term, without little attention to the interrelations among economic variables and the full effects not only in the medium and long term but even in the short term. The main aim of this study is to contribute to foster industrial development, with their positive effects on services, and other measures which might contribute to increase the rates of employment in private and public sectors, as well as real wages, of the European Union as a whole to converge with the levels of the USA.

Suggested Citation

  • Guisan, M.C., 2010. "Employment in Private and Public Services: A Comparative Analysis of Commercial, Business and Social Services in Spain, France, Italy, Germany, UK and USA," Regional and Sectoral Economic Studies, Euro-American Association of Economic Development, vol. 10(1), pages 71-81.
  • Handle: RePEc:eaa:eerese:v:10:y2010:i:10_7
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    File URL: http://www.usc.es/economet/reviews/eers1017.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Guisan, M.C. & Cancelo, M.T., 2006. "Employment and Productivity in the European Union and Comparison with the USA, 1985-2005: Analysis of France, Germany, Italy, Spain and the United Kingdom," Applied Econometrics and International Development, Euro-American Association of Economic Development, vol. 6(3), pages 55-63.
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    Blog mentions

    As found by EconAcademics.org, the blog aggregator for Economics research:
    1. 16. No sobran funcionarios en España. Economistas expertos destacan que España tiene pocos empleos en el Sector Público y Servicios de Educación y Sanidad, por cada mil habitantes, en comparación con Alemania, Estados Unidos y otros países de la O
      by MCG Blogs de Economía in Asociación de Estudios Euro-Americanos: Desarrollo internacional de América, Europa y otras áreas on 2010-05-29 20:40:00

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    Cited by:

    1. Guisán, M.C. & Expósito, P, 2011. "Regional Employment and Unemployment by Gender in Spain in comparison with other European Countries," Regional and Sectoral Economic Studies, Euro-American Association of Economic Development, vol. 11(1).

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Employment policies; Social Services; European Union; United States;

    JEL classification:

    • C51 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric Modeling - - - Model Construction and Estimation
    • H5 - Public Economics - - National Government Expenditures and Related Policies
    • J2 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor
    • J45 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Particular Labor Markets - - - Public Sector Labor Markets
    • O51 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economywide Country Studies - - - U.S.; Canada
    • O52 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economywide Country Studies - - - Europe
    • O57 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economywide Country Studies - - - Comparative Studies of Countries

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