Standard & Poor’S Depositary Receipts And The Market Quality Of S&P 500 Index Futures
This study examines the market quality of S&P 500 index futures in 150-day periods before and after the introduction of Standard & Poor’s Depositary Receipts, SPDRs, on January 29, 1993. In a preliminary test of structure change, results fail to reject the null hypothesis that the empirical distributions of daily futures price changes in the two periods are the same. Market quality is measured by the deviation of observed prices from the unobserved implicit efficient price. A lower pricing error variance from a vector autoregression (VAR) model implies better market quality. Using tick-by-tick intra-day S&P 500 index futures price data, we find a lower pricing error standard deviation of 0.26 percent in the post-SPDR period than in the pre-SPDR period (0.32 percent). This finding indicates an improvement in the quality of the S&P 500 index futures market following the introduction of SPDRs attributable to improvement in the microstructure of the market. As SPDRs facilitate index arbitrage, adjustment of prices in the index futures market takes less time, leading to lower pricing error variance, or improved market quality. In the post-SPDR period, we apply a vector error correction model (VECM) to two pairs of intra-day (futures, index) prices and (futures, SPDR) prices. The VECM approach shows better quality in the S&P 500 index futures market from its arbitrage relationship with SPDRs. We conclude that it is this arbitrage relationship between index futures and SPDRs that improves S&P 500 index futures market quality after the introduction of SPDRs.
If you experience problems downloading a file, check if you have the proper application to view it first. In case of further problems read the IDEAS help page. Note that these files are not on the IDEAS site. Please be patient as the files may be large.
As the access to this document is restricted, you may want to look for a different version under "Related research" (further below) or search for a different version of it.
Volume (Year): 6 (2006)
Issue (Month): 3 ()
|Contact details of provider:|| Web page: http://www.usc.es/economet/eaa.htm|
|Order Information:|| Web: http://www.usc.es/economet/info.htm Email: |
References listed on IDEAS
Please report citation or reference errors to , or , if you are the registered author of the cited work, log in to your RePEc Author Service profile, click on "citations" and make appropriate adjustments.:
- Lee, Charles M C & Ready, Mark J, 1991. " Inferring Trade Direction from Intraday Data," Journal of Finance, American Finance Association, vol. 46(2), pages 733-46, June.
- Diamond, Douglas W. & Verrecchia, Robert E., 1987. "Constraints on short-selling and asset price adjustment to private information," Journal of Financial Economics, Elsevier, vol. 18(2), pages 277-311, June.
- Hasbrouck, Joel, 2002. "Stalking the "efficient price" in market microstructure specifications: an overview," Journal of Financial Markets, Elsevier, vol. 5(3), pages 329-339, July.
- Lorne N. Switzer & Paula L. Varson & Samia Zghidi, 2000. "Standard and Poor’s depository receipts and the performance of the S&P 500 index futures market," Journal of Futures Markets, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 20(8), pages 705-716, 09.
- Huang, Roger D. & Stoll, Hans R., 1996. "Dealer versus auction markets: A paired comparison of execution costs on NASDAQ and the NYSE," Journal of Financial Economics, Elsevier, vol. 41(3), pages 313-357, July.
- Fremault, Anne, 1991. "Stock Index Futures and Index Arbitrage in a Rational Expectations Model," The Journal of Business, University of Chicago Press, vol. 64(4), pages 523-47, October.
- Johansen, Soren, 1991. "Estimation and Hypothesis Testing of Cointegration Vectors in Gaussian Vector Autoregressive Models," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 59(6), pages 1551-80, November.
- Tae H. Park & Lorne N. Switzer, 1995. "Index participation units and the performance of index futures markets: Evidence from the Toronto 35 index participation units market," Journal of Futures Markets, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 15(2), pages 187-200, 04.
- Raman Kumar & Atulya Sarin & Kuldeep Shastri, 1998. "The Impact of Options Trading on the Market Quality of the Underlying Security: An Empirical Analysis," Journal of Finance, American Finance Association, vol. 53(2), pages 717-732, 04.
- Lucy F. Ackert & Yisong S. Tian, 2000. "Arbitrage and Valuation in the Market forStandard and Poor's Depository Receipts," Financial Management, Financial Management Association, vol. 29(3), Fall.
- Garbade, Kenneth D & Silber, William L, 1983. "Price Movements and Price Discovery in Futures and Cash Markets," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 65(2), pages 289-97, May.
- Edwin J. Elton, 2002. "Spiders: Where Are the Bugs?," The Journal of Business, University of Chicago Press, vol. 75(3), pages 453-472, July.
- Hasbrouck, Joel, 1993. "Assessing the Quality of a Security Market: A New Approach to Transaction-Cost Measurement," Review of Financial Studies, Society for Financial Studies, vol. 6(1), pages 191-212.
When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:eaa:aeinde:v:6:y:2006:i:3_8. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.
For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (M. Carmen Guisan)
If references are entirely missing, you can add them using this form.