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Standard and Poor’s depository receipts and the performance of the S&P 500 index futures market


  • Lorne N. Switzer
  • Paula L. Varson
  • Samia Zghidi


In response to the need for a simple financial instrument that enables retail investors to participate easily and quickly in the U.S. equity market and that facilitates basket trading by institutions, the American Stock Exchange introduced Standard and Poor’s Depository Receipts (SPDRs) on January 29, 1993. The purpose of this study is to determine the effects of the introduction of SPDRs on the pricing efficiency of the S&P futures market. Using a measure of efficiency that is based on the difference between the observed futures price and the theoretical futures price based on the Cost of Carry Model, as well as daily and intradaily data for the period January 2, 1990 through June 3, 1996, we found that some positive mispricing was reduced when SPDR’s were introduced. While dividend yield and time‐to‐maturity biases remained, SPDRs trading was shown to mitigate the extent of pricing errors that prevailed, and reduced the effects of dividend yield and time‐to‐maturity biases found for these contracts. © 2000 John Wiley & Sons, Inc. Jrl Fut Mark 20:705–716, 2000

Suggested Citation

  • Lorne N. Switzer & Paula L. Varson & Samia Zghidi, 2000. "Standard and Poor’s depository receipts and the performance of the S&P 500 index futures market," Journal of Futures Markets, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 20(8), pages 705-716, September.
  • Handle: RePEc:wly:jfutmk:v:20:y:2000:i:8:p:705-716

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    Cited by:

    1. Laurent Deville & Fabrice Riva, 2007. "Liquidity and Arbitrage in Options Markets: A Survival Analysis Approach," Review of Finance, European Finance Association, vol. 11(3), pages 497-525.
    2. Shinhua Liu, 2016. "Are SPDR Options Good for the Underlying Stocks?," Quarterly Journal of Finance (QJF), World Scientific Publishing Co. Pte. Ltd., vol. 6(04), pages 1-27, December.
    3. Ching-Chung Lin & Min-Hsien Chiang, 2005. "Volatility effect of ETFs on the constituents of the underlying Taiwan 50 Index," Applied Financial Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 15(18), pages 1315-1322.
    4. Palani-Rajan Kadapakkam & Umesh Kumar, 2009. "Impact of Liquidity on the Futures–Cash Basis: Evidence from the Indian Market," Working Papers 0094, College of Business, University of Texas at San Antonio.
    5. repec:uts:finphd:34 is not listed on IDEAS
    6. repec:dau:papers:123456789/7689 is not listed on IDEAS
    7. Bertone, Stephen & Paeglis, Imants & Ravi, Rahul, 2015. "(How) has the market become more efficient?," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 54(C), pages 72-86.
    8. Laurent Deville, 2008. "Exchange Traded Funds: History, Trading and Research," Post-Print halshs-00162223, HAL.
    9. repec:eee:ecofin:v:42:y:2017:i:c:p:250-265 is not listed on IDEAS
    10. Quentin C. Chu & Mustafa Mesut Kayali, 2006. "Standard & Poor’S Depositary Receipts And The Market Quality Of S&P 500 Index Futures," Applied Econometrics and International Development, Euro-American Association of Economic Development, vol. 6(3).

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