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The Bottom Twenty: An Analysis Of Income Inequality In High Income And Developing Countries, 1990-2010

Listed author(s):
  • Christopher E.S. WARBURTON

The theory that there is a link between income inequality and per capita income has variously been proposed with strong convictions. The theory generally presupposes that income inequality, where or when exists, will ultimately decline as macroeconomic performance (growth) improves over time. Using empirical analysis, econometric models, and time series data from 1990 to 2010, this paper finds that though the relationship between income inequality and per capita income may be theoretically valid for a variety of countries at different levels of economic growth, the relationship may not be statistically significant. Contrary to the inverted-U hypothesis, the empirical evidence suggests that distributive trends may not be sustainable and that institutional variables and policies might have more explanatory power over the subsequent trajectory of income inequality in rich and poorer countries.

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File URL: http://www.usc.es/~economet/journals1/aeid/aeid1621.pdf
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Article provided by Euro-American Association of Economic Development in its journal Applied Econometrics and International Development.

Volume (Year): 16 (2016)
Issue (Month): 2 ()
Pages: 5-24

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Handle: RePEc:eaa:aeinde:v:16:y:2016:i:2_1
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  1. Alvargonzalez, M. & Lopez, A. & Perez, R., 2004. "Growth-Inequality Relationship. An Analytical Approach and Some Evidence for Latin America," Applied Econometrics and International Development, Euro-American Association of Economic Development, vol. 4(2).
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  3. De Gregorio, Jose & Lee, Jong-Wha, 2002. "Education and Income Inequality: New Evidence from Cross-Country Data," Review of Income and Wealth, International Association for Research in Income and Wealth, vol. 48(3), pages 395-416, September.
  4. Pesaran, H. Hashem & Shin, Yongcheol, 1998. "Generalized impulse response analysis in linear multivariate models," Economics Letters, Elsevier, vol. 58(1), pages 17-29, January.
  5. Ahluwalia, Montek S, 1976. "Income Distribution and Development: Some Stylized Facts," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 66(2), pages 128-135, May.
  6. United Nations UN, 2015. "The Millennium Development Goals Report 2015," Working Papers id:7222, eSocialSciences.
  7. Milanovic, Branko, 1997. "A simple way to calculate the Gini coefficient, and some implications," Economics Letters, Elsevier, vol. 56(1), pages 45-49, September.
  8. Esmaiel Abounoori & Patrick McCloughan, 2003. "A simple way to calculate the Gini Coefficient for grouped as well as ungrouped data," Applied Economics Letters, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 10(8), pages 505-509.
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