IDEAS home Printed from https://ideas.repec.org/a/eaa/aeinde/v12y2012i2_8.html
   My bibliography  Save this article

The Different Crowd Out Effects Of Tax Cut And Spending Deficits

Author

Listed:
  • John J. HEIM

Abstract

Government deficits financed by domestic borrowing were found to crowd out private borrowing and spending by consumers and businesses, in both recession and non-recession periods. Deficits due to tax cuts had a net negative effect on GDP, because stimulus effects are smaller than the crowd out effects. Spending deficits had a zero net impact. This study provides first time econometric evidence that crowd out effects prevail during recessions, and that spending and tax cut deficits have different effects. International borrowing avoids the crowd out problem caused by national deficits by augmenting, rather than taking from, domestic saving.

Suggested Citation

  • John J. HEIM, 2012. "The Different Crowd Out Effects Of Tax Cut And Spending Deficits," Applied Econometrics and International Development, Euro-American Association of Economic Development, vol. 12(2).
  • Handle: RePEc:eaa:aeinde:v:12:y:2012:i:2_8
    as

    Download full text from publisher

    File URL: http://www.usc.es/economet/journals1/aeid/aeid1228.pdf
    Download Restriction: Access restricted to subscribers. Free on line subscription for universities from low income countries. More information at http://www.usc.es/economet/info.htm

    As the access to this document is restricted, you may want to search for a different version of it.

    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Andrew Mountford & Harald Uhlig, 2009. "What are the effects of fiscal policy shocks?," Journal of Applied Econometrics, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 24(6), pages 960-992.
    2. Benjamin M. Friedman, 1978. "Crowding Out or Crowding In? Economic Consequences of Financing Government Deficits," Brookings Papers on Economic Activity, Economic Studies Program, The Brookings Institution, vol. 9(3), pages 593-641.
    3. Olivier Blanchard & Roberto Perotti, 2002. "An Empirical Characterization of the Dynamic Effects of Changes in Government Spending and Taxes on Output," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 117(4), pages 1329-1368.
    4. Davide Furceri & Ricardo M. Sousa, 2009. "The Impact of Government Spending on the Private Sector: Crowding-out versus Crowding-in Effects"," NIPE Working Papers 6/2009, NIPE - Universidade do Minho.
    5. John J. Heim, 2010. "Do Government Deficits Crowd Out Consumer And Investment Spending?," Rensselaer Working Papers in Economics 1005, Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, Department of Economics.
    6. William G. Gale & Peter R. Orszag, 2004. "Budget Deficits, National Saving, and Interest Rates," Brookings Papers on Economic Activity, Economic Studies Program, The Brookings Institution, vol. 35(2), pages 101-210.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    Citations

    Citations are extracted by the CitEc Project, subscribe to its RSS feed for this item.
    as


    Cited by:

    1. John J. Heim, 2013. "Does “Crowd Out” Offset The Stimulus Effect Of Government Deficits? A Large Scale Econometric Study," Rensselaer Working Papers in Economics 1301, Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, Department of Economics.
    2. Xu, Kun & Xu, Wenli, 2015. "中国政府消费支出对经济波动的传导机理分析
      [Study on Influential Mechanism Between Government Expenditure of Consumption and Economic Fluctuation]
      ," MPRA Paper 70994, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised Dec 2015.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Consumption; Investment; Deficits; Savings; Crowd Out Stimulus;

    JEL classification:

    • C50 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric Modeling - - - General
    • C51 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric Modeling - - - Model Construction and Estimation
    • E12 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - General Aggregative Models - - - Keynes; Keynesian; Post-Keynesian
    • E21 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Consumption, Saving, Production, Employment, and Investment - - - Consumption; Saving; Wealth
    • E22 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Consumption, Saving, Production, Employment, and Investment - - - Investment; Capital; Intangible Capital; Capacity

    Statistics

    Access and download statistics

    Corrections

    All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. You can help correct errors and omissions. When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:eaa:aeinde:v:12:y:2012:i:2_8. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (M. Carmen Guisan). General contact details of provider: http://www.usc.es/economet/eaa.htm .

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    If CitEc recognized a reference but did not link an item in RePEc to it, you can help with this form .

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your RePEc Author Service profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    IDEAS is a RePEc service hosted by the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis . RePEc uses bibliographic data supplied by the respective publishers.