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Vertikale Entflechtung in der Stromwirtschaft

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  • Anette Boom

Abstract

This article gives an overview over the debate on vertical unbundling of the electricity industry in Europe. It starts with the description of the evolution of the EU policy with regard to the vertical structure of the electricity industry. Then we present the theoretical and empirical arguments that support the European Commission's position of a relative strict unbundling of the networks from the other vertical stages of the industry. We discuss whether a vertical separation of retail and production in electricity might also be beneficial, and finally replicate the arguments of the proponents of a vertically integrated structure in the electricity industry. Finally we draw some conclusions for a consistent regulation of the vertical structure in the electricity industry. Dieser Beitrag gibt einen Überblick über die Debatte zur vertikalen Entflechtung der Stromwirtschaft in Europa. Zunächst wird die Entwicklung der EU Politik im Hinblick auf die vertikale Struktur in der Stromwirtschaft nachgezeichnet. Dann werden die theoretischen und empirischen Argumente vorgetragen, die die Position der EU-Kommission für eine relativ weitgehende Entflechtung des Netzbetriebs von den anderen vertikalen Stufen der Industrie unterstützen. Danach folgt eine Diskussion, ob auch eine Trennung von Stromerzeugung und -vertrieb wünschenswert sein kann, und zum Schluss werden die Argumente der Befürworter einer weitgehend vertikal integrierten Struktur in der Stromwirtschaft vorgestellt. Am Ende werden einige Schlussfolgerungen für eine konsistente Regulierung in Bezug auf die vertikale Struktur der Stromwirtschaft gezogen.

Suggested Citation

  • Anette Boom, 2012. "Vertikale Entflechtung in der Stromwirtschaft," Vierteljahrshefte zur Wirtschaftsforschung / Quarterly Journal of Economic Research, DIW Berlin, German Institute for Economic Research, vol. 81(1), pages 57-71.
  • Handle: RePEc:diw:diwvjh:81-1-5
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Anette Boom & Stefan Buehler, 2007. "Restructuring Electricity Markets when Demand is Uncertain: Effects on Capacity Investments, Prices and Welfare," CIE Discussion Papers 2007-09, University of Copenhagen. Department of Economics. Centre for Industrial Economics.
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    3. Höffler, Felix & Kranz, Sebastian, 2011. "Legal unbundling can be a golden mean between vertical integration and ownership separation," International Journal of Industrial Organization, Elsevier, vol. 29(5), pages 576-588, September.
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    5. Blaise Allaz & Jean-Luc Vila, 1993. "Cournot Competition, Forward Markets and Efficiency," Post-Print hal-00511806, HAL.
    6. Salop, Steven C & Scheffman, David T, 1983. "Raising Rivals' Costs," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 73(2), pages 267-271, May.
    7. Giulietti, Monica & Sicca, Renato, 1999. "The liberalisation of the internal market for electricity: what choices for Italy?," Utilities Policy, Elsevier, vol. 8(3), pages 173-182, September.
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Electricity industry; vertical unbundling; European Union Policy;

    JEL classification:

    • L22 - Industrial Organization - - Firm Objectives, Organization, and Behavior - - - Firm Organization and Market Structure
    • L43 - Industrial Organization - - Antitrust Issues and Policies - - - Legal Monopolies and Regulation or Deregulation
    • L51 - Industrial Organization - - Regulation and Industrial Policy - - - Economics of Regulation

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