Kreditvergabe und Innovationsaktivität in der Finanzkrise
Using unique panel data on German manufacturing firms this paper shows the development of the bank's willingness to lend to businesses during the financial crisis and its effect on firm innovations. Due to differences in business practices commercial banks, credit unions and savings banks in Germany were affected differently by the financial crisis. Accordingly, firms were differently affected in their ability to obtain external debt during the crisis depending on which type of bank their main bank was. In a difference-in-differences-setting this paper uses this variation to estimate the effect of restrictive bank lending on firm innovation. Unter Verwendung eines einzigartigen Datensatzes zeigt dieser Beitrag die Entwicklung der Kreditvergabebereitschaft von Banken an Unternehmen des Verarbeitenden Gewerbes in Deutschland während der Finanzkrise und die Folgen für die Innovationsaktivität der Unternehmen. Im deutschen dreigliedrigen Bankensektor wurden Banken unterschiedlicher Art aufgrund ihrer verschiedenen Geschäftsmodelle höchst unterschiedlich von der Finanzkrise getroffen. Unternehmen erfuhren ebenfalls unterschiedliche Einschränkungen ihrer Kreditverfügbarkeit, abhängig davon, welcher Säule im Bankensystem ihre Hausbank angehörte. In einem Differenz-in-Differenzen-Schätzansatz kann dies genutzt werden, um den ursächlichen Effekt von restriktiver Kreditvergabe auf Innovationsaktivität zu identifizieren.
Volume (Year): 80 (2011)
Issue (Month): 3 ()
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