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Kreditvergabe und Innovationsaktivität in der Finanzkrise

Listed author(s):
  • Stefan Kipar

Using unique panel data on German manufacturing firms this paper shows the development of the bank's willingness to lend to businesses during the financial crisis and its effect on firm innovations. Due to differences in business practices commercial banks, credit unions and savings banks in Germany were affected differently by the financial crisis. Accordingly, firms were differently affected in their ability to obtain external debt during the crisis depending on which type of bank their main bank was. In a difference-in-differences-setting this paper uses this variation to estimate the effect of restrictive bank lending on firm innovation. Unter Verwendung eines einzigartigen Datensatzes zeigt dieser Beitrag die Entwicklung der Kreditvergabebereitschaft von Banken an Unternehmen des Verarbeitenden Gewerbes in Deutschland während der Finanzkrise und die Folgen für die Innovationsaktivität der Unternehmen. Im deutschen dreigliedrigen Bankensektor wurden Banken unterschiedlicher Art aufgrund ihrer verschiedenen Geschäftsmodelle höchst unterschiedlich von der Finanzkrise getroffen. Unternehmen erfuhren ebenfalls unterschiedliche Einschränkungen ihrer Kreditverfügbarkeit, abhängig davon, welcher Säule im Bankensystem ihre Hausbank angehörte. In einem Differenz-in-Differenzen-Schätzansatz kann dies genutzt werden, um den ursächlichen Effekt von restriktiver Kreditvergabe auf Innovationsaktivität zu identifizieren.

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File URL: http://ejournals.duncker-humblot.de/doi/pdf/10.3790/vjh.80.3.111
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Article provided by DIW Berlin, German Institute for Economic Research in its journal Vierteljahrshefte zur Wirtschaftsforschung.

Volume (Year): 80 (2011)
Issue (Month): 3 ()
Pages: 111-130

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Handle: RePEc:diw:diwvjh:80-3-7
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  1. Myers, Stewart C. & Majluf, Nicolás S., 1945-, 1984. "Corporate financing and investment decisions when firms have information that investors do not have," Working papers 1523-84., Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), Sloan School of Management.
  2. Bronwyn H. Hall, 2010. "The Financing of Innovative Firms," Review of Economics and Institutions, Università di Perugia, vol. 1(1).
  3. Stewart C. Myers & Nicholas S. Majluf, 1984. "Corporate Financing and Investment Decisions When Firms Have InformationThat Investors Do Not Have," NBER Working Papers 1396, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  4. Myers, Stewart C. & Majluf, Nicholas S., 1984. "Corporate financing and investment decisions when firms have information that investors do not have," Journal of Financial Economics, Elsevier, vol. 13(2), pages 187-221, June.
  5. David Card, 1990. "The Impact of the Mariel Boatlift on the Miami Labor Market," ILR Review, Cornell University, ILR School, vol. 43(2), pages 245-257, January.
  6. Robert G. King & Ross Levine, 1993. "Finance and Growth: Schumpeter Might Be Right," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 108(3), pages 717-737.
  7. Harhoff, Dietmar & Korting, Timm, 1998. "Lending relationships in Germany - Empirical evidence from survey data," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 22(10-11), pages 1317-1353, October.
  8. Yuriy Gorodnichenko & Monika Schnitzer, 2013. "Financial Constraints And Innovation: Why Poor Countries Don'T Catch Up," Journal of the European Economic Association, European Economic Association, vol. 11(5), pages 1115-1152, October.
  9. Berger, Allen N & Udell, Gregory F, 1995. "Relationship Lending and Lines of Credit in Small Firm Finance," The Journal of Business, University of Chicago Press, vol. 68(3), pages 351-381, July.
  10. Frederique Savignac, 2008. "Impact Of Financial Constraints On Innovation: What Can Be Learned From A Direct Measure?," Economics of Innovation and New Technology, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 17(6), pages 553-569.
  11. Petersen, Mitchell A & Rajan, Raghuram G, 1994. " The Benefits of Lending Relationships: Evidence from Small Business Data," Journal of Finance, American Finance Association, vol. 49(1), pages 3-37, March.
  12. Stefan Lachenmaier, 2007. "Effects of innovation on firm performance," ifo Beiträge zur Wirtschaftsforschung, ifo Institute - Leibniz Institute for Economic Research at the University of Munich, number 28, January.
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