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Deutlicher Zusammenhang zwischen Innovationsfähigkeit und Einstellungen zu Wissenschaft und Technik im internationalen Vergleich

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  • Heike Belitz
  • Tanja Kirn

Abstract

The article deals with the question if values of citizens and their attitudes towards science and technology have a critical impact on the innovative capacity of a country. The social climate for innovation and the innovative capacity of a country are multidimensional phenomena. They can be measured and assessed by the composite innovation indicator of the DIW Berlin. Results of international surveys provide the database for values and attitudes of citizens. For 17 selected industrial countries the analysis reveals positive correlations between some sub-indicators of the social innovative climate, particularly of the attitudes towards science and technology, and the innovative capacity. Furthermore, scientific and technical knowledge as well as trust in innovation actors support positive attitudes towards science and technology. In our sample of industrial countries Germany ranks middle both with respect to innovative capacity and attitudes of their citizens towards science and technology. Im Mittelpunkt des Artikels steht die Frage nach dem Einfluss von Werten und Einstellungen der Menschen zu Technik und Wissenschaft auf die Innovationsfähigkeit eines Landes. Das gesellschaftliche Innovationsklima und die Innovationsfähigkeit sind mehrdimensionale Phänomene. Deshalb wird die für den Innovationsindikator des DIW Berlin erarbeitete Methodik genutzt, um ihre einzelnen Komponenten zu messen und schließlich auch zusammenzufassen. Datengrundlage zur Erfassung von Werten und Einstellungen sind die Ergebnisse repräsentativer Personenbefragungen. In den 17 hier untersuchten Industrieländern zeigen sich positive Korrelationen zwischen Indikatoren für einige Facetten des gesellschaftlichen Innovationsklimas, darunter besonders der Einstellungen zu Wissenschaft und Technik, und der Innovationsfähigkeit. Auch ist zu erkennen, dass das Vorhandensein von naturwissenschaftlich-technischen Grundkenntnissen sowie von Vertrauen in die Innovationsakteure ihrerseits positive Einstellungen zu Technik und Wissenschaft unterstützen. Deutschland liegt sowohl hinsichtlich seiner Innovationsfähigkeit als auch bei den Einstellungen der Bürger zu Wissenschaft und Technik im Mittelfeld der untersuchten Industrieländer.

Suggested Citation

  • Heike Belitz & Tanja Kirn, 2008. "Deutlicher Zusammenhang zwischen Innovationsfähigkeit und Einstellungen zu Wissenschaft und Technik im internationalen Vergleich," Vierteljahrshefte zur Wirtschaftsforschung / Quarterly Journal of Economic Research, DIW Berlin, German Institute for Economic Research, vol. 77(2), pages 47-64.
  • Handle: RePEc:diw:diwvjh:77-2-4
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    File URL: http://ejournals.duncker-humblot.de/DH/doi/pdf/10.3790/vjh.77.2.47
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Michela Nardo & Michaela Saisana & Andrea Saltelli & Stefano Tarantola & Anders Hoffman & Enrico Giovannini, 2005. "Handbook on Constructing Composite Indicators: Methodology and User Guide," OECD Statistics Working Papers 2005/3, OECD Publishing.
    2. La Porta, Rafael, et al, 1997. "Trust in Large Organizations," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 87(2), pages 333-338, May.
    3. Heike Belitz & Tanja Kirn & Axel Werwatz, 2006. "Verhaltensweisen und Einstellungen der Bevölkerung hemmen die Innovationsfähigkeit in Deutschland," DIW Wochenbericht, DIW Berlin, German Institute for Economic Research, vol. 73(8), pages 89-98.
    4. repec:hrv:faseco:30726298 is not listed on IDEAS
    5. Heike Belitz & Tanja Kirn & Axel Werwatz, 2006. "Zu wenig Frauen in Forschung und Innovation," DIW Wochenbericht, DIW Berlin, German Institute for Economic Research, vol. 73(45), pages 643-648.
    6. Axel Werwatz & Heike Belitz & Tanja Kirn & Jens Schmidt-Ehmcke, 2006. "Innovationsindikator Deutschland 2006," DIW Berlin: Politikberatung kompakt, DIW Berlin, German Institute for Economic Research, volume 22, number pbk22.
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Alexander Ebner, 2010. "Varieties of Capitalism and the Limits of Entrepreneurship Policy: Institutional Reform in Germany’s Coordinated Market Economy," Journal of Industry, Competition and Trade, Springer, vol. 10(3), pages 319-341, September.
    2. Alexander Ebner & Fabian Bocek, 2015. "Best Practices as to How to Support Investment in Intangible Assets," WWWforEurope Working Papers series 101, WWWforEurope.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    National innovation system; innovation indicator; attitudes towards science and technology;

    JEL classification:

    • O30 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Innovation; Research and Development; Technological Change; Intellectual Property Rights - - - General
    • O31 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Innovation; Research and Development; Technological Change; Intellectual Property Rights - - - Innovation and Invention: Processes and Incentives
    • O57 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economywide Country Studies - - - Comparative Studies of Countries

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