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Chancen und Risiken für die nationalen Rentensysteme durch internationale Arbeitsmobilität

Listed author(s):
  • Tim Krieger

In zahlreichen Diskussionen wird immer wieder Zuwanderung als ein mögliches Instrument genannt, um die demographischen Probleme der umlagefinanzierten Rentensysteme in Europa zu lindern. Diese eingeschränkte Betrachtungsweise wird aber dem sehr viel weiterreichenden Phänomen der internationalen Arbeitsmobilität und ihrer Wirkungen auf die Rentensysteme nicht gerecht. In diesem Beitrag wird zunächst dargestellt, wie die wohlfahrtsteigernde Wirkung von Zuwanderung auf aggregierter Ebene zustande kommt und ob dies ausreicht, um auch politische Mehrheiten für Zuwanderung organisieren zu können. Zudem wird untersucht, ob nicht Reformen der Rentensysteme im nationalen Rahmen sehr viel entscheidender als Zuwanderungsfragen sind, nicht zuletzt da eine Abwanderung junger Menschen aus unattraktiver werdenden Sozialsystemen in Zukunft nicht mehr ausgeschlossen werden kann.

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File URL: http://ejournals.duncker-humblot.de/doi/pdf/10.3790/vjh.71.2.199
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Article provided by DIW Berlin, German Institute for Economic Research in its journal Vierteljahrshefte zur Wirtschaftsforschung.

Volume (Year): 71 (2002)
Issue (Month): 2 ()
Pages: 199-214

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Handle: RePEc:diw:diwvjh:71-20-3
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  1. Sinn, Hans-Werner, 1990. "Tax harmonization and tax competition in Europe," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 34(2-3), pages 489-504, May.
  2. Hans-Werner Sinn & Silke Ãœbelmesser, 2000. "Wann kippt Deutschland um?," ifo Schnelldienst, ifo Institute - Leibniz Institute for Economic Research at the University of Munich, vol. 53(28-29), pages 20-25, November.
  3. Alain Jousten & Pierre Pestieau, 2002. "Labor Mobility, Redistribution, and Pension Reform in Europe," NBER Chapters,in: Social Security Pension Reform in Europe, pages 85-108 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  4. Wagener, Andreas, 2004. "On intergenerational risk sharing within social security schemes," European Journal of Political Economy, Elsevier, vol. 20(1), pages 181-206, March.
  5. Hans-Werner Sinn, 1997. "The Value of Children and Immigrants in a Pay-As-You-Go Pension System: A Proposal for a Partial Transition to a Funded System," NBER Working Papers 6229, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  6. Rachel M. Friedberg & Jennifer Hunt, 1995. "The Impact of Immigrants on Host Country Wages, Employment and Growth," Journal of Economic Perspectives, American Economic Association, vol. 9(2), pages 23-44, Spring.
  7. Börsch-Supan, Axel H. & Winter, Joachim, . "Soziale Sicherungssysteme im globalen Wettbewerb," Chapters in Economics, University of Munich, Department of Economics.
  8. Tim Krieger, 2002. "Immigration, Public Pensions, and Heterogenous Voters," Departmental Discussion Papers 112, University of Goettingen, Department of Economics.
  9. Stefan Homburg & Wolfram Richter, 1993. "Harmonizing public debt and public pension schemes in the European community," Journal of Economics, Springer, vol. 7(1), pages 51-63, December.
  10. Tim Krieger, 2001. "Intergenerational Redistribution and Labor Mobility: A Survey," FinanzArchiv: Public Finance Analysis, Mohr Siebeck, Tübingen, vol. 58(3), pages 339-339, July.
  11. Bonin, Holger, 2001. "Fiskalische Effekte der Zuwanderung nach Deutschland - Eine Generationenbilanz," IZA Discussion Papers 305, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  12. Holger Bonin & Bernd Raffelhüschen & Jan Walliser, 2000. "Can Immigration Alleviate the Demographic Burden?," FinanzArchiv: Public Finance Analysis, Mohr Siebeck, Tübingen, vol. 57(1), pages 1-1, September.
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