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Concern Regarding the HIV/AIDS epidemic and Individual Childbearing


  • FFF1Claire Marie NNN1Noël-Miller

    (University of Pennsylvania)


I examine if and how rural Malawians alter their childbearing as a consequence of concern regarding the HIV/AIDS epidemic. The paper is motivated by the debate which opposes two ideas regarding the childbearing effect of high HIV infection rates and heightened AIDS mortality: one, the acceleration of childbearing as individuals find themselves under time pressure to meet their reproductive goals and two, the decrease in childbearing as parents opt to avoid the risk of transmitting the virus. I find some evidence to support the hypothesis of reduced childbearing in the presence of high levels of worry regarding HIV/AIDS. However, this finding does not seem to apply to younger women, who are perhaps subject to relatively stronger childbearing promoting norms.

Suggested Citation

  • FFF1Claire Marie NNN1Noël-Miller, 2003. "Concern Regarding the HIV/AIDS epidemic and Individual Childbearing," Demographic Research Special Collections, Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research, Rostock, Germany, vol. 1(10), pages 319-348, September.
  • Handle: RePEc:dem:drspec:v:1:y:2003:i:10

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Ankrah, E.Maxine, 1991. "AIDS and the social side of health," Social Science & Medicine, Elsevier, vol. 32(9), pages 967-980, January.
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    More about this item


    childbearing; fertility; HIV/AIDS; Malawi; self-perception; sub-Saharan Africa;

    JEL classification:

    • J1 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics
    • Z0 - Other Special Topics - - General


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