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Old-Age Mortality in Germany prior to and after Reunification

Author

Listed:
  • Arjan Gjonca

    (London School of Economics and Political Science)

  • Hilke Brockmann

    (Universität Bremen)

  • Heiner Maier

    (Max-Planck-Institut für Demografische Forschung)

Abstract

Recent trends in German life expectancy show a considerable increase. Most of this increase has resulted from decreasing mortality at older ages. Patterns of oldest old mortality (ages 80+) differed significantly between men and women as well as between East and West Germany. While West German oldest old mortality decreased since the mid 1970s, comparable decreases in East Germany did not become evident until the late 1980s. Yet, the East German mortality decline accelerated after German reunification in 1990, particularly among East German females, attesting to the plasticity of human life expectancy and the importance of late life events. Medical care, individual economic resources and life-style factors are discussed as potential determinants of the decline in old age mortality in Germany.

Suggested Citation

  • Arjan Gjonca & Hilke Brockmann & Heiner Maier, 2000. "Old-Age Mortality in Germany prior to and after Reunification," Demographic Research, Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research, Rostock, Germany, vol. 3(1), July.
  • Handle: RePEc:dem:demres:v:3:y:2000:i:1
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Kenneth Manton & Eric Stallard & Larry Corder, 1997. "Changes in the age dependence of mortality and disability: Cohort and other determinants," Demography, Springer;Population Association of America (PAA), vol. 34(1), pages 135-157, February.
    2. J. Pollard, 1988. "On the decomposition of changes in expectation of life and differentials in life expectancy," Demography, Springer;Population Association of America (PAA), vol. 25(2), pages 265-276, May.
    3. Ritschl Albrecht, 1995. "Aufstieg und Niedergang der Wirtschaft der DDR: Ein Zahlenbild 1945-1989," Jahrbuch für Wirtschaftsgeschichte / Economic History Yearbook, De Gruyter, vol. 36(2), pages 11-46, December.
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Haan, Peter & Prowse, Victoria, 2014. "Longevity, life-cycle behavior and pension reform," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 178(P3), pages 582-601.
    2. Tobias Vogt & Fanny Annemarie Kluge, 2015. "Income sources and intergenerational transfers in different regimes," Demographic Research, Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research, Rostock, Germany, vol. 33(41), pages 1153-1164, November.
    3. repec:spr:demogr:v:54:y:2017:i:3:d:10.1007_s13524-017-0577-z is not listed on IDEAS
    4. Richard Verdugo, 2006. "Workers, workers’ productivity and the dependency ratio in Germany: analysis with implications for social policy," Population Research and Policy Review, Springer;Southern Demographic Association (SDA), vol. 25(5), pages 547-565, December.
    5. Marc Luy, 2005. "The importance of mortality tempo-adjustment: theoretical and empirical considerations," MPIDR Working Papers WP-2005-035, Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research, Rostock, Germany.
    6. Michał Myck, 2011. "Policy challenges in Germany and Poland: what can we learn from the SHARE data," Ekonomia journal, Faculty of Economic Sciences, University of Warsaw, vol. 28.
    7. Marc Luy, 2006. "Mortality tempo-adjustment," Demographic Research, Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research, Rostock, Germany, vol. 15(21), pages 561-590, December.
    8. repec:spr:eurpop:v:33:y:2017:i:5:d:10.1007_s10680-017-9455-z is not listed on IDEAS
    9. Dora L. Costa, 2015. "Health and the Economy in the United States from 1750 to the Present," Journal of Economic Literature, American Economic Association, vol. 53(3), pages 503-570, September.
    10. Rembrandt D. Scholz & Heiner Maier, 2003. "German unification and the plasticity of mortality at older ages," MPIDR Working Papers WP-2003-031, Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research, Rostock, Germany.
    11. repec:eee:joecag:v:5:y:2015:i:c:p:7-13 is not listed on IDEAS
    12. Dora L. Costa & Joanna Lahey, 2003. "Becoming Oldest-Old: Evidence from Historical U.S. Data," NBER Working Papers 9933, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    13. Markéta Pechholdová, 2009. "Results and observations from the reconstruction of continuous time series of mortality by cause of death," Demographic Research, Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research, Rostock, Germany, vol. 21(18), pages 535-568, October.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    German reunification; Germany; life expectancy; mortality; oldest old;

    JEL classification:

    • J1 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics
    • Z0 - Other Special Topics - - General

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