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Religious affiliation, religiosity, and male and female fertility

Author

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  • Li Zhang

    (China University of Political Science and Law)

Abstract

Religious studies of fertility typically focus on the effect of religious affiliation on fertility; the role of religiosity in determining fertility remains overlooked. Meanwhile, most studies focus on studying female fertility; whether religion and religiosity have significantly different impacts on men’s and women’s fertility rarely has been examined. To fill these gaps, this study uses data from the 2002 NSFG Cycle 6 on religious affiliation, religiosity, and children ever born (CEB) for both men and women to investigate the effects of religious affiliation and religiosity on male and female fertility. A series of hypotheses which aim to demonstrate the critical role of religiosity, particularly the importance of religious beliefs in people’s daily life in shaping people’s fertility behavior are tested. The findings show a shrinking pattern of fertility differentials among religious groups. However, religiosity, particularly religious beliefs, shows a substantially positive effect on fertility. The gender interaction terms are not significant which indicates that the effects of religion and religiosity on fertility do not vary by gender.

Suggested Citation

  • Li Zhang, 2008. "Religious affiliation, religiosity, and male and female fertility," Demographic Research, Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research, Rostock, Germany, vol. 18(8), pages 233-262, April.
  • Handle: RePEc:dem:demres:v:18:y:2008:i:8
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    File URL: http://www.demographic-research.org/volumes/vol18/8/18-8.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Evelyn L. Lehrer, 2004. "Religion as a Determinant of Economic and Demographic Behavior in the United States," Population and Development Review, The Population Council, Inc., vol. 30(4), pages 707-726.
    2. Susan Janssen & Robert Hauser, 1981. "Religion, socialization, and fertility," Demography, Springer;Population Association of America (PAA), vol. 18(4), pages 511-528, November.
    3. Gordon Jong, 1965. "Religious fundamentalism, socio-economic status, and fertility attitudes in the southern appalachians," Demography, Springer;Population Association of America (PAA), vol. 2(1), pages 540-548, March.
    4. Bledsoe, Caroline & Lerner, Susana & Guyer, Jane (ed.), 2000. "Fertility and the Male Life Cycle in the Era of Fertility Decline," OUP Catalogue, Oxford University Press, number 9780198294443.
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    Cited by:

    1. repec:bla:rdevec:v:21:y:2017:i:3:p:543-566 is not listed on IDEAS
    2. Barbara S. Okun, 2013. "Fertility and marriage behavior in Israel," Demographic Research, Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research, Rostock, Germany, vol. 28(17), pages 457-504, March.
    3. William Axinn & Cynthia Link & Robert Groves, 2011. "Responsive Survey Design, Demographic Data Collection, and Models of Demographic Behavior," Demography, Springer;Population Association of America (PAA), vol. 48(3), pages 1127-1149, August.
    4. Victor Agadjanian & Scott Yabiku, 2014. "Religious Affiliation and Fertility in a Sub-Saharan Context: Dynamic and Lifetime Perspectives," Population Research and Policy Review, Springer;Southern Demographic Association (SDA), vol. 33(5), pages 673-691, October.
    5. Marcel Ausloos & Roy Cerqueti, 2016. "Religion-based urbanization process in Italy: statistical evidence from demographic and economic data," Quality & Quantity: International Journal of Methodology, Springer, vol. 50(4), pages 1539-1565, July.
    6. Thomas Baudin, 2012. "More on Religion and Fertility: The French Connection," Working Papers hal-00993310, HAL.
    7. Klaus Prettner & Holger Strulik, 2017. "It's a Sin—Contraceptive Use, Religious Beliefs, and Long-run Economic Development," Review of Development Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 21(3), pages 543-566, August.
    8. repec:spr:eurpop:v:33:y:2017:i:4:d:10.1007_s10680-016-9409-x is not listed on IDEAS
    9. Bessey, Donata, 2016. "Religion and Fertility in East Asia: Evidence from the East Asian Social Survey," MPRA Paper 75372, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    10. Suzanne Noordhuizen & Paul Graaf & Inge Sieben, 2010. "The Public Acceptance of Voluntary Childlessness in the Netherlands: from 20 to 90 per cent in 30 years," Social Indicators Research: An International and Interdisciplinary Journal for Quality-of-Life Measurement, Springer, vol. 99(1), pages 163-181, October.
    11. David de la Croix & Clara Delavallade, 2015. "Religions, Fertility and Growth in South-East Asia," Discussion Papers (IRES - Institut de Recherches Economiques et Sociales) 2015002, Université catholique de Louvain, Institut de Recherches Economiques et Sociales (IRES).

    More about this item

    Keywords

    fertility; interaction effect; male fertility; religion; religiosity; religious affiliation;

    JEL classification:

    • J1 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics
    • Z0 - Other Special Topics - - General

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