Intergenerational Implications of Immigration Policy on Apprenticeship Training and the Educational Distribution in Canada
Using the 2006 Canadian census, we analyze the incidence and returns to apprenticeship credentials for immigrant and native-born men in Canada. Both immigrant men who arrived in Canada as children and first-generation Canadian-born men are more likely to have completed an apprenticeship if their father's generation of immigrant men in Canada (from the same source country) have a high probability of apprenticeship completion. The return to an apprenticeship (relative to high school only education) is found to result in approximately 13 percent higher earnings. A cross-cohort simulation suggests that long-run shifts in the source countries of immigrants to Canada are likely to lead to a reduction in the future fraction of school entry cohorts willing to undergo apprenticeship training.
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Volume (Year): 39 (2013)
Issue (Month): s1 (May)
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