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A New View of the Male/Female Pay Gap

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  • Michael Baker
  • Marie Drolet

Abstract

We construct a new time series on the Canadian female/male pay ratio. The new series is based on wage data rather than the earnings data that have been used in the past. Wages more closely correspond to the price of labour, while earnings combine information on the price of labour with information on decisions of how much to work. Our results reveal significant differences between the wage- and earnings-based series. Most importantly, the wage series reveals that women have continued to make progress over the last 15 years.

Suggested Citation

  • Michael Baker & Marie Drolet, 2010. "A New View of the Male/Female Pay Gap," Canadian Public Policy, University of Toronto Press, vol. 36(4), pages 429-464, December.
  • Handle: RePEc:cpp:issued:v:36:y:2010:i:4:p:429-464
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    File URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.3138/cpp.36.4.429
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Michael Baker & Nicole Fortin, 2004. "Comparable worth in a decentralized labour market: the case of Ontario," Canadian Journal of Economics, Canadian Economics Association, vol. 37(4), pages 850-878, November.
    2. Michael Baker & Kevin Milligan, 2008. "How Does Job-Protected Maternity Leave Affect Mothers' Employment?," Journal of Labor Economics, University of Chicago Press, vol. 26(4), pages 655-691, October.
    3. Marie Drolet, 2002. "New Evidence on Gender Pay Differentials: Does Measurement Matter?," Canadian Public Policy, University of Toronto Press, vol. 28(1), pages 1-16, March.
    4. Neill, Christine, 2009. "Tuition fees and the demand for university places," Economics of Education Review, Elsevier, vol. 28(5), pages 561-570, October.
    5. R. A. Holmes, 1976. "Male-Female Earnings Differentials in Canada," Journal of Human Resources, University of Wisconsin Press, vol. 11(1), pages 109-117.
    6. Denise J. Doiron & W. Craig Riddell, 1994. "The Impact of Unionization on Male-Female Earnings Differences in Canada," Journal of Human Resources, University of Wisconsin Press, vol. 29(2), pages 504-534.
    7. Dennis Maki & Ignace Ng, 1990. "Effects of Trade Unions on the Earnings Differential between Males and Females: Canadian Evidence," Canadian Journal of Economics, Canadian Economics Association, vol. 23(2), pages 305-311, May.
    8. Daniel M. Shapiro & Morton Stelcner, 1987. "The Persistence of the Male-Female Earnings Gap in Canada, 1970-1980: The Impact of Equal Pay Laws and Language Policies," Canadian Public Policy, University of Toronto Press, vol. 13(4), pages 462-476, December.
    9. Roberta Edgecombe Robb, 1978. "Earnings Differentials between Males and Females in Ontario, 1971," Canadian Journal of Economics, Canadian Economics Association, vol. 11(2), pages 350-359, May.
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    Cited by:

    1. Fortin, Nicole M. & Bell, Brian & Böhm, Michael, 2017. "Top earnings inequality and the gender pay gap: Canada, Sweden, and the United Kingdom," Labour Economics, Elsevier, vol. 47(C), pages 107-123.
    2. Lemieux, Thomas & Riddell, W. Craig, 2015. "Top Incomes in Canada: Evidence from the Census," CLSSRN working papers clsrn_admin-2015-12, Vancouver School of Economics, revised 07 Jul 2015.
    3. Yifan Zhang, . "Productivity Evolution of Chinese Large and Small Firms in the Era of Globalization," Chapters, Economic Research Institute for ASEAN and East Asia (ERIA).

    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • J31 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Wages, Compensation, and Labor Costs - - - Wage Level and Structure; Wage Differentials

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