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Unemployment Persistence and Costly Adjustment of Labour: A Canada-US Comparison

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  • Robert A. Amano
  • R. Tiff Macklem

Abstract

Research aimed at explaining the greater persistence of unemployment in European countries relative to the US has found higher employment adjustment costs in Europe to be a significant contributing factor. This paper explores the potential for costly adjustment of labour to explain at least some of the persistence in Canadian unemployment rates relative to US rates. In contrast to what one might expect, our results suggest that relative adjustment costs are very similar in both countries, as are the speeds of adjustment of labour demand. These findings suggest that employment adjustment costs are not a leading candidate to account for the greater persistence of unemployment in Canada relative to the US.

Suggested Citation

  • Robert A. Amano & R. Tiff Macklem, 1998. "Unemployment Persistence and Costly Adjustment of Labour: A Canada-US Comparison," Canadian Public Policy, University of Toronto Press, vol. 24(s1), pages 138-151, February.
  • Handle: RePEc:cpp:issued:v:24:y:1998:i:s1:p:138-151
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Hansen, Bruce E, 2002. "Tests for Parameter Instability in Regressions with I(1) Processes," Journal of Business & Economic Statistics, American Statistical Association, vol. 20(1), pages 45-59, January.
    2. Hansen, Lars Peter, 1982. "Large Sample Properties of Generalized Method of Moments Estimators," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 50(4), pages 1029-1054, July.
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    Cited by:

    1. Eswar Prasad & Alun Thomas, 1998. "Labour Market Adjustment in Canada and the United States," Canadian Public Policy, University of Toronto Press, vol. 24(s1), pages 121-137, February.
    2. W. Craig Riddell & Andrew Sharpe, 1998. "The Canada-US Unemployment Rate Gap: An Introduction and Overview," Canadian Public Policy, University of Toronto Press, vol. 24(s1), pages 1-37, February.
    3. Pichette, Lise, 1998. "La politique monétaire a-t-elle des effets asymétriques sur l'emploi?," Staff Working Papers 98-17, Bank of Canada.
    4. Eswar Prasad & Alun Thomas, 1998. "A disaggregated analysis of employment growth fluctuations in Canada," Atlantic Economic Journal, Springer;International Atlantic Economic Society, vol. 26(3), pages 274-287, September.

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