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Competitividad del calzado de cuero colombiano: perspectiva de la ventaja comparativa revelada (1980-2008)

Listed author(s):
  • Rafael García Luna


  • Alexander Maldonado Atencio


Registered author(s):

    El presente artículo es resultado de un estudio que como objetivo fundamental analizó el comportamiento competitivo del conjunto empresas productoras de calzado de cuero en Colombia, utilizando los índices de ventaja comparativa revelada, para examinar la dinámica comercial frente al mercado de Estados Unidos y el mercado mundial en distintos tramos del período comprendido entre 1980 a 2008, para poder proyectar las posibilidades de éxito en el marco de la asunción del Tratado de Libre Comercio con Estados Unidos (TLC); en este sentido, el sector caracteriza por contar con un gran número de pequeñas empresas con poco desarrollo tecnológico y baja productividad, con prevalencia de procesos artesanales de producción que lo hacen poco competitivo a nivel internacional y lo establecen en una posición de desventaja para aprovechar las condiciones del TLC. Los índices de ventaja comparativa revelada utilizados describen una situación de desventaja del sector durante distintos períodos, en especial cuando la economía nacional se abrió al comercio exterior (periodo de apertura comercial 1991-2000), indicando que son necesarios cambios sustanciales en las capacidades empresariales para asumir el escenario de internacionalización del país y poder aprovechar las oportunidades que brinda el mercado de Estados Unidos. ****** This article is the result of a research process, as a fundamental objective analyzed the competitive behavior of the whole business of producing leather footwear in Colombia (studied as a sector), using the revealed comparative advantage index, to examine the dynamics of trade against the market in the United States and the world market in different sections of the period from 1980 to 2008 and to be able to examine the possibilities of success in the framework of the assumption of the Free Trade Agreement with the United States (FTA); In this sense, the sector is characterized by having a large number of small businesses with little technological development and low productivity with the prevalence of artisan production processes that make it less competitive at the international level and set in a position of disadvantage to take advantage of the conditions of the FTA. The revealed comparative advantage index that were used, describe a situation of disadvantage of the sector during different periods, especially when the national economy was opened up to foreign trade (period of trade openness 1991-2000), indicating that substantial change is needed in your business capabilities to assume the scenario of internationalization of the country and be able to take advantage of the opportunities offered by the United States market.

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    Volume (Year): (2013)
    Issue (Month): (June)

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    Handle: RePEc:col:000461:011158
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    1. Thomas Vollrath, 1991. "A theoretical evaluation of alternative trade intensity measures of revealed comparative advantage," Review of World Economics (Weltwirtschaftliches Archiv), Springer;Institut für Weltwirtschaft (Kiel Institute for the World Economy), vol. 127(2), pages 265-280, June.
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