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Una evaluación de la situación fiscal colombiana

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  • José Antonio Ocampo

Abstract

“El desequilibrio de las finanzas públicas y sus efectos potenciales sobre la estabilidad macroeconómica del país ha cambiado el foco del debate económico, que estuvo concentrado en anos anteriores en los efectos de la apertura económica y en el manejo adecuado de la bonanza petrolera. El documento presenta en la primera parte la evolución del gasto del sector público y matiza la noción de acuerdo con la cual el Estado colombiano ha crecido desproporcionadamente en los últimos anos. De igual manera, presenta la evolución del gasto del Gobierno Central, identificando con claridad los componentes que imparten la dinámica al gasto total y los esfuerzos que se vienen realizando en el último ano para mantener las finanzas públicas bajo control. Uno de los elementos que contribuye de manera importante al deterioro de las finanzas del Gobierno es la carga de los intereses, la cual alcanza el 2.5% del PIB en 1997, y refleja el efecto conjunto de la eliminación del financiamiento monetario del presupuesto y de la sustitución de endeudamiento externo por interno. En la segunda parte, se introduce al debate algunas alternativas de medición del déficit frente a las nuevas reglas y dinámica de contratación de la deuda pública. La tercera y cuarta partes complementan el análisis anterior con unas consideraciones sobre la dinámica de la deuda pública nacional y del déficit del sector público consolidado, respectivamente. La sección final presenta algunas consideraciones sobre las principales normas de tipo legal y constitucional que deberán modificarse en las próximas legislaturas para atacar el problema estructural de las finanzas del Gobierno Central.”

Suggested Citation

  • José Antonio Ocampo, 1997. "Una evaluación de la situación fiscal colombiana," Coyuntura Económica, Fedesarrollo, June.
  • Handle: RePEc:col:000438:013528
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    File URL: http://hdl.handle.net/11445/2162
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Ahsan S. Mansur & Mr. Richard D Haas & Mr. Peter S. Heller, 1986. "A Review of the Fiscal Impulse Measure," IMF Occasional Papers 1986/003, International Monetary Fund.
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    Cited by:

    1. David Alejandro Camargo González & Cynthia Lucía Támara Tafur & Siara Vanessa Deluquez Gómez & María Paula Baptiste González, 2017. "Cuadernos fiscales no. 6. Administración tributaria: reflexiones para Colombia desde el derecho comparado," Books, Universidad Externado de Colombia, Facultad de Derecho, number 974, February.
    2. Tovar, Camilo Ernesto & Ocampo, José Antonio & Sánchez Torres, Fabio, 2000. "The labour market and income distribution in Colombia in the 1990s," Revista CEPAL, Naciones Unidas Comisión Económica para América Latina y el Caribe (CEPAL), December.
    3. Israel Fainboim & Carlos Jorge Rodríguez, 1999. "Una discusión sobre la conveniencia de construir el metro de Bogotá y sobre las dificultades para financiarlo," Coyuntura Económica, Fedesarrollo, September.
    4. Donald Robbins, 1998. "Los determinantes de la acumulación de capital humano en Colombia, y sus implicaciones sobre la teoría del comercio y el crecimiento. Evidencias para Bogotá," Coyuntura Económica, Fedesarrollo, June.
    5. Israel Fainboim & Julio César Alonso, 1997. "Sobre el uso indiscriminado de indicadores fiscales complementarios," Coyuntura Económica, Fedesarrollo, September.
    6. Leonardo Villar & Hernán Rincón, 2000. "The Colombian Economy In The Nineties: Capital Flows And Foreign Exchange Regimes," Borradores de Economia 3575, Banco de la Republica.
    7. José Antonio Ocampo, 1998. "La política económica durante la administración Samper," Coyuntura Económica, Fedesarrollo, December.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Finanzas Públicas; Sector Público; Consumo; Inversiones Públicas; Gasto Público; Presupuesto Nacional; Gasto Público Social; Devaluación; Déficit Fiscal; Subsidios; Crisis Fiscal; Ajuste Fiscal; Transferencias de Ingresos; Deuda Pública; Colombia;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • E62 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Macroeconomic Policy, Macroeconomic Aspects of Public Finance, and General Outlook - - - Fiscal Policy; Modern Monetary Theory
    • H60 - Public Economics - - National Budget, Deficit, and Debt - - - General
    • H11 - Public Economics - - Structure and Scope of Government - - - Structure and Scope of Government
    • R53 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - Regional Government Analysis - - - Public Facility Location Analysis; Public Investment and Capital Stock

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