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Valoración económica de costos ambientales: marco conceptual y métodos de estimación

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  • Francisco Javier Correa Restrepo

    ()

  • Juan David Osorio Múnera

    ()

Abstract

Los recursos naturales proporcionan a la sociedad una gran cantidadde flujos de bienes y servicios los cuales contribuyen al bienestarsocial. Además, estos flujos representan el soporte de la vida enla tierra, razón suficiente para que la sociedad desee conservar losactivos ambientales. Sin embargo, al compartir éstos las características propias de los bienes públicos y de los recursos de libre acceso, como lo son la no-exclusión y la no-rivalidad en el consumo, carecen de un mercado donde intercambiarse y, en consecuencia, se desconoce su precio. La ausencia de la valoración de estos recursos puede llevar a que las acciones y actividades económicas conduzcan a un uso inadecuado o a una sobre explotación de los mismos, provocando así un cambio negativo en la condición de los recursos afectados. En este sentido, este artículo tiene como objetivo central establecer un marco conceptual de la valoración económica de costos ambientales y describir los diferentes métodos de valoración propuestos desde la economía ambiental, así como las ventajas y des

Suggested Citation

  • Francisco Javier Correa Restrepo & Juan David Osorio Múnera, 2004. "Valoración económica de costos ambientales: marco conceptual y métodos de estimación," REVISTA SEMESTRE ECONÓMICO, UNIVERSIDAD DE MEDELLÍN, June.
  • Handle: RePEc:col:000217:005583
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    File URL: http://revistas.udem.edu.co/index.php/economico/article/view/1141/1109
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Costanza, Robert, 1998. "The value of ecosystem services," Ecological Economics, Elsevier, vol. 25(1), pages 1-2, April.
    2. John C. BERGSTROM, 1996. "Current Status Of Benefits Transfer In The U.S.: A Review," Faculty Series 96-09, University of Georgia, Department of Agricultural and Applied Economics.
    3. Munasinghe, M., 1993. "Environmental Economics and Sustainable Development," Papers 3, World Bank - The World Bank Environment Paper.
    4. Kenneth J. Arrow & Anthony C. Fisher, 1974. "Environmental Preservation, Uncertainty, and Irreversibility," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 88(2), pages 312-319.
    5. Johansson, Per-Olov, 1990. "Valuing Environmental Damage," Oxford Review of Economic Policy, Oxford University Press, vol. 6(1), pages 34-50, Spring.
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