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Aproximación al cálculo del crecimiento real de Colombia: aportes metodológicos para la inclusión en las cuentas nacionales de los impactos del


  • Michee Lachaud


  • Jorge Maldonado



ResumenEl sistema de contabilidad integrada considera el problema del agotamiento de los recursos naturales. En este trabajo se analiza la diferencia entre este sistema y el de cuentas nacionales utilizando datos del sector minero en Colombia para gas natural y carbón. Los resultados muestran que al incorporar los impactos del agotamiento del gas natural y del carbón el PIB tradicional estaría sobreestimado; mientras éste crece a una tasa de 2.2% en el período 1995-2005, el PIB ajustado lo hace a una tasa de 1.3%, lo que refleja los costos sobre el crecimiento real del país. Estos resultados proponen un debate a la luz de la propuesta de la minería como motor de desarrollo del pa´ıs. AbstractThe integrated accounting system considers the natural resource depletion issues. We analyze the difference between this system and the traditional national accounting system, using data from the mining sector in Colombia (natural gas and coal). Results show that by including the impact of these two resources exhaustion, the traditional GDP would be overestimated; while it grew at an annual rate of 2.2% for the period 1995-2005, adjusted GDP would show a grow rate of 1.3%, reflecting costs on real country growth. These results open a debate given the current proposal ofbasing part of economic growth in Colombia on mining.

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  • Michee Lachaud & Jorge Maldonado, 2011. "Aproximación al cálculo del crecimiento real de Colombia: aportes metodológicos para la inclusión en las cuentas nacionales de los impactos del," Revista de Economía del Rosario, Universidad del Rosario, June.
  • Handle: RePEc:col:000151:008955

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    1. Knut Alfsen & Hans Sæbø, 1993. "Environmental quality indicators: Background, principles and examples from Norway," Environmental & Resource Economics, Springer;European Association of Environmental and Resource Economists, vol. 3(5), pages 415-435, October.
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    3. Karl-Göran Mäler, 1991. "National accounts and environmental resources," Environmental & Resource Economics, Springer;European Association of Environmental and Resource Economists, vol. 1(1), pages 1-15, March.
    4. Richard Bellman, 1957. "On a Dynamic Programming Approach to the Caterer Problem--I," Management Science, INFORMS, vol. 3(3), pages 270-278, April.
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    1. Henry Antonio Mendoza Tolosa & Jacobo Campo Robledo, 2016. "Postura fiscal y crecimiento económico regional en Colombia," Revista Facultad de Ciencias Económicas, Universidad Militar Nueva Granada, vol. 24(2), pages 29-45, October.

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    More about this item


    Cuentas ambientales; Crecimiento económico; PIB ajustado; PIB verde.;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • E01 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - General - - - Measurement and Data on National Income and Product Accounts and Wealth; Environmental Accounts
    • C61 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Mathematical Methods; Programming Models; Mathematical and Simulation Modeling - - - Optimization Techniques; Programming Models; Dynamic Analysis
    • C63 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Mathematical Methods; Programming Models; Mathematical and Simulation Modeling - - - Computational Techniques
    • Q32 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Nonrenewable Resources and Conservation - - - Exhaustible Resources and Economic Development
    • Q56 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics - - - Environment and Development; Environment and Trade; Sustainability; Environmental Accounts and Accounting; Environmental Equity; Population Growth


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