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El peso al nacer de los niños de la principal maternidad de Uruguay: 1995 a 2004

  • Jewell R. Todd

    ()

  • Patricia Triunfo

    ()

  • Rafael Aguirre

    ()

Este estudio investiga el impacto de factores de riesgo en el peso al nacer de los neonatos de la principal maternidad del Uruguay, el Centro Hospitalario Pereira Rossell, hospital público que atiende fundamentalmente población de bajos ingresos. La información proveniente del Sistema Informático Perinatal (CLAP, OPS/OMS) cubre los nacimientos registrados entre 1995 y 2004. Se encuentra que la mayoría de los factores de riesgo incluidos son signifi cativos predictores, tanto del peso al nacer como del bajo peso al nacer. Aquellos que pueden ser infl uidos por políticas públicas (uso de cuidados prenatales y educación) tienen un efecto signifi cativo en el peso al nacer; sin embargo, también lo tienen los factores de riesgo epidemiológicos. Por tanto, es importante incrementar la utilización adecuada de los controles prenatales y la educación materna, pero también lo es para los hacedores de política considerar caminos que reduzcan la ocurrencia de ciertos factores de riesgo epidemiológicos evitables", como el hábito de fumar de la madre, los cortos períodos interembarazos y las edades extremas de la madre."

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File URL: http://economia.uniandes.edu.co/revistadys/59/01_peso.pdf
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Article provided by UNIVERSIDAD DE LOS ANDES-CEDE in its journal REVISTA DESARROLLO Y SOCIEDAD.

Volume (Year): (2007)
Issue (Month): ()
Pages:

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Handle: RePEc:col:000090:004102
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  1. Michael Grossman & Theodore J. Joyce, 1991. "Unobservables, Pregnancy Resolutions, and Birthweight Production Functions in New York City," NBER Working Papers 2746, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  2. Theodore Joyce & Michael Grossman, 1990. "Pregnancy wantedness and the early initiation of prenatal care," Demography, Springer, vol. 27(1), pages 1-17, February.
  3. Evans, William N. & Lien, Diana S., 2005. "The benefits of prenatal care: evidence from the PAT bus strike," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 125(1-2), pages 207-239.
  4. R. Todd Jewell & Patricia Triunfo, 2006. "The impact of prenatal care on birthweight: the case of Uruguay," Health Economics, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 15(11), pages 1245-1250.
  5. Grossman, Michael, 1972. "On the Concept of Health Capital and the Demand for Health," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 80(2), pages 223-55, March-Apr.
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