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El peso al nacer de los niños de la principal maternidad de Uruguay: 1995 a 2004

Author

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  • Jewell R. Todd

    ()

  • Patricia Triunfo

    ()

  • Rafael Aguirre

    ()

Abstract

Este estudio investiga el impacto de factores de riesgo en el peso al nacer de los neonatos de la principal maternidad del Uruguay, el Centro Hospitalario Pereira Rossell, hospital público que atiende fundamentalmente población de bajos ingresos. La información proveniente del Sistema Informático Perinatal (CLAP, OPS/OMS) cubre los nacimientos registrados entre 1995 y 2004. Se encuentra que la mayoría de los factores de riesgo incluidos son signifi cativos predictores, tanto del peso al nacer como del bajo peso al nacer. Aquellos que pueden ser infl uidos por políticas públicas (uso de cuidados prenatales y educación) tienen un efecto signifi cativo en el peso al nacer; sin embargo, también lo tienen los factores de riesgo epidemiológicos. Por tanto, es importante incrementar la utilización adecuada de los controles prenatales y la educación materna, pero también lo es para los hacedores de política considerar caminos que reduzcan la ocurrencia de ciertos factores de riesgo epidemiológicos evitables", como el hábito de fumar de la madre, los cortos períodos interembarazos y las edades extremas de la madre."

Suggested Citation

  • Jewell R. Todd & Patricia Triunfo & Rafael Aguirre, 2007. "El peso al nacer de los niños de la principal maternidad de Uruguay: 1995 a 2004," REVISTA DESARROLLO Y SOCIEDAD, UNIVERSIDAD DE LOS ANDES-CEDE, February.
  • Handle: RePEc:col:000090:004102
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    File URL: http://economia.uniandes.edu.co/revistadys/Articulo59_2.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Grossman, Michael, 1972. "On the Concept of Health Capital and the Demand for Health," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 80(2), pages 223-255, March-Apr.
    2. Evans, William N. & Lien, Diana S., 2005. "The benefits of prenatal care: evidence from the PAT bus strike," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 125(1-2), pages 207-239.
    3. Theodore Joyce & Michael Grossman, 1990. "Pregnancy wantedness and the early initiation of prenatal care," Demography, Springer;Population Association of America (PAA), vol. 27(1), pages 1-17, February.
    4. Grossman, Michael & Joyce, Theodore J, 1990. "Unobservables, Pregnancy Resolutions, and Birth Weight Production Functions in New York City," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 98(5), pages 983-1007, October.
    5. R. Todd Jewell & Patricia Triunfo, 2006. "The impact of prenatal care on birthweight: the case of Uruguay," Health Economics, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 15(11), pages 1245-1250.
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    Cited by:

    1. Paraje, Guillermo, 2009. "Child stunting and and socio-economic inequality in Latin America and the Caribbean," Revista CEPAL, Naciones Unidas Comisión Económica para América Latina y el Caribe (CEPAL), December.
    2. Verónica Amarante & Marco Manacorda & Edward Miguel & Andrea Vigorito, 2011. "Do Cash Transfers Improve Birth Outcomes? Evidence from Matched Vital Statistics, Social Security and Program Data," CEP Discussion Papers dp1106, Centre for Economic Performance, LSE.
    3. Ana I. Balsa & Patricia Triunfo, 2012. "The Effectiveness of Prenatal Care in a Low Income Population: A Panel Data Approach," Documentos de Trabajo/Working Papers 1204, Facultad de Ciencias Empresariales y Economia. Universidad de Montevideo..

    More about this item

    Keywords

    cuidados prenatales; factores de riesgo; peso al nacer;

    JEL classification:

    • I1 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Health
    • I12 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Health - - - Health Behavior
    • J13 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Fertility; Family Planning; Child Care; Children; Youth

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