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Selektive Einwanderungspolitik: Punktesystem versus Auktionsmodell

Author

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  • Wolfgang Ochel

Abstract

Die Steuerung der Höhe und Zusammensetzung der Zuwanderer aus Nicht-EU-Ländern kann durch Quoten und/oder qualitative Anforderungen an die Zuwanderer festgelegt werden. Für die Auswahl bieten sich Prioritätenlisten oder Punktesysteme an. Es wäre aber auch denkbar, die Zuwanderer nach ihrer Zahlungsbereitschaft für ein Einwanderungszertifikat bzw. nach der Zahlungsbereitschaft einheimischer Unternehmen, die an ihrer Beschäftigung interessiert sind, auszuwählen (Auktionsmodell). Beide Methoden weisen als Instrumente der selektiven Einwanderungspolitik jeweils Vor- und Nachteile auf. Stellt man diese einander gegenüber, so scheint das Punktesystem aber mehr Pluspunkte auf sich zu vereinigen.

Suggested Citation

  • Wolfgang Ochel, 2001. "Selektive Einwanderungspolitik: Punktesystem versus Auktionsmodell," ifo Schnelldienst, ifo Institute - Leibniz Institute for Economic Research at the University of Munich, vol. 54(08), pages 32-38, May.
  • Handle: RePEc:ces:ifosdt:v:54:y:2001:i:08:p:32-38
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    File URL: http://www.cesifo-group.de/DocDL/ifosd_2001_8_5.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Wolfgang Ochel, 2000. "Einwanderungspolitik: Ein Wettlauf um Skills - die Praxis Australiens, Neuseelands, Kanadas und der USA," ifo Schnelldienst, ifo Institute - Leibniz Institute for Economic Research at the University of Munich, vol. 53(31), pages 30-36, December.
    2. Bauer, Thomas K. & Zimmermann, Klaus F., 2000. "Immigration Policy in Integrated National Economies," IZA Discussion Papers 170, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
    3. Alan G. Green & David A. Green, 1999. "The Economic Goals of Canada's Immigration Policy, Past and Present," Canadian Public Policy, University of Toronto Press, vol. 25(4), pages 425-451, December.
    4. Hans-Werner Sinn & Gebhard Flaig & Martin Werding & Sonja Munz & Nicola Düll & Herbert Hofmann, 2001. "EU-Erweiterung und Arbeitskräftemigration : Wege zu einer schrittweisen Annäherung der Arbeitsmärkte," ifo Beiträge zur Wirtschaftsforschung, ifo Institute - Leibniz Institute for Economic Research at the University of Munich, number 2.
    5. McAfee, R Preston & McMillan, John, 1987. "Auctions and Bidding," Journal of Economic Literature, American Economic Association, vol. 25(2), pages 699-738, June.
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    Cited by:

    1. Maaß, Frank & Icks, Annette, 2012. "Analyse des deutschen Zuwanderungssystems im Hinblick auf den Fachkräftebedarf im Mittelstand," IfM-Materialien 217, Institut für Mittelstandsforschung (IfM) Bonn.
    2. Lars Calmfors & Giancarlo Corsetti & Seppo Honkapohja & John Kay & Willi Leibfritz & Gilles Saint-Paul & Hans-Werner Sinn & Xavier Vives, 2004. "The 2004 Enlargement: Key Economic Issues," EEAG Report on the European Economy, CESifo Group Munich, vol. 0, pages 96-118, October.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Deutschland; Internationale Arbeitsmobilität; Regulierung;

    JEL classification:

    • J61 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Mobility, Unemployment, Vacancies, and Immigrant Workers - - - Geographic Labor Mobility; Immigrant Workers

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