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Who Really Benefits from Pension Systems ? When Life Expectancy Matters

  • Christophe Hachon

Une importante littérature empirique montre que l?esperance de vie dépend du niveau de salaire. En utilisant un modèle à générations imbriquées, et une petite économie ouverte, nous expliquons en quoi ce résultat peut modifier les propriétés redistributives des systèmes de retraite par répartition. Nous utilisons le concept de « contribution nette » pour mesurer cette redistributivite des systèmes de retraite. Nous montrons alors que les systèmes Beveridgiens restent redistributifs. Cependant, les plus pauvres ne bénéficient pas le plus de ces systèmes de retraite. Inversement, les systèmes Bismarckiens sont régressifs. Cela implique un transfert de ressources des agents les plus pauvres vers les agents les plus riches. Quant aux systèmes mixtes, i.e. à la fois Beveridgiens et Bismarckiens, ils peuvent impliquer un transfert de ressources des classes moyennes vers les plus pauvres et les plus riches.

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Article provided by Dalloz in its journal Revue d'économie politique.

Volume (Year): 119 (2009)
Issue (Month): 4 ()
Pages: 613-632

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Handle: RePEc:cai:repdal:redp_194_0613
Contact details of provider: Web page: http://www.cairn.info/revue-d-economie-politique.htm

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  1. CASAMATTA, Georges & CREMER, Helmuth & PESTIEAU, Pierre, 1999. "The political economy of social security," CORE Discussion Papers 1999055, Université catholique de Louvain, Center for Operations Research and Econometrics (CORE).
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  4. Hairault, Jean-Olivier & Langot, Francois, 2008. "Inequality and social security reforms," Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control, Elsevier, vol. 32(2), pages 386-410, February.
  5. Alessandro Sommacal, 2006. "Pension systems and intragenenerational redistribution when labor supply is endogenous," Oxford Economic Papers, Oxford University Press, vol. 58(3), pages 379-406, July.
  6. Jean-Olivier Hairault & François Langot, 2008. "Inequality and Social Security Reforms," Université Paris1 Panthéon-Sorbonne (Post-Print and Working Papers) halshs-00270290, HAL.
  7. Rainald Borck, 2003. "On the Choice of Public Pensions when Income and Life Expectancy Are Correlated," Discussion Papers of DIW Berlin 369, DIW Berlin, German Institute for Economic Research.
  8. Florence Legros, 1994. "Caractère redistributif des systèmes de retraite," Revue Économique, Programme National Persée, vol. 45(3), pages 805-818.
  9. Nicolas Drouhin, 2001. "Lifetime Uncertainty and Time Preference," Theory and Decision, Springer, vol. 51(2), pages 145-172, December.
  10. Jeffrey B Liebman, 2002. "Redistribution in the Current U.S. Social Security System," Working Papers 02-09, Center for Economic Studies, U.S. Census Bureau.
  11. CREMER, Helmuth & PESTIEAU, Pierre, . "Reforming our pension system: is it a demographic, financial or political problem?," CORE Discussion Papers RP -1468, Université catholique de Louvain, Center for Operations Research and Econometrics (CORE).
  12. Florence Legros, 1994. "Caractère redistributif des systèmes de retraite," Revue économique, Presses de Sciences-Po, vol. 0(3), pages 805-818.
  13. Mitchell, Olivia S & Zeldes, Stephen P, 1996. "Social Security Privatization: A Structure for Analysis," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 86(2), pages 363-67, May.
  14. Antoine Bommier & Thierry Magnac & Benoît Rapoport & Muriel Roger, 2005. "Droits à la retraite et mortalité différentielle," Économie et Prévision, Programme National Persée, vol. 168(2), pages 1-16.
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