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La spécialisation des activités technologiques des régions européennes : une approche empirique de la convergence

  • Jalal El Ouardighi
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    This paper analyzes the specialization dynamics of technological activities measured by patents over 221 European regions for the period 1989- 2000. The adopted methodology relies on the specification of an error component model and variable coefficients. The model examines the effects of regional-characteristics on the speed of technological convergence and studies how economic growth affects the specialization of regions. The results show (i) a convergence (de-specialization) of regional technological activities. The average speed of de-specialization ranges from 0% to 8% across regions. (ii) The initial inventive capacities and the national effects appear as factors of deceleration of the speed of technological convergence. (iii) The effect of economic growth on specialization is positive for regions with a strong propensity to patent, but negative for the regions with low inventive activities, all things being equal.

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    Article provided by De Boeck Université in its journal Recherches économiques de Louvain.

    Volume (Year): 71 (2005)
    Issue (Month): 3 ()
    Pages: 315-343

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    Handle: RePEc:cai:reldbu:rel_713_0315
    Contact details of provider: Web page: http://www.cairn.info/revue-recherches-economiques-de-louvain.htm

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    1. Raffaele Paci & Stefano Usai, 2000. "Technological Enclaves and Industrial Districts: An Analysis of the Regional Distribution of Innovative Activity in Europe," Regional Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 34(2), pages 97-114.
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    8. Verbeek, Marno & Nijman, Theo, 1992. "Testing for Selectivity Bias in Panel Data Models," International Economic Review, Department of Economics, University of Pennsylvania and Osaka University Institute of Social and Economic Research Association, vol. 33(3), pages 681-703, August.
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    14. Georg LICHT & Konrad ZOZ, 1998. "Patents and R&D, An Econometric Investigation Using Applications for German, European and US Patents by German Companies," Annales d'Economie et de Statistique, ENSAE, issue 49-50, pages 329-360.
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