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La spécialisation des activités technologiques des régions européennes : une approche empirique de la convergence

  • Jalal El Ouardighi
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    This paper analyzes the specialization dynamics of technological activities measured by patents over 221 European regions for the period 1989- 2000. The adopted methodology relies on the specification of an error component model and variable coefficients. The model examines the effects of regional-characteristics on the speed of technological convergence and studies how economic growth affects the specialization of regions. The results show (i) a convergence (de-specialization) of regional technological activities. The average speed of de-specialization ranges from 0% to 8% across regions. (ii) The initial inventive capacities and the national effects appear as factors of deceleration of the speed of technological convergence. (iii) The effect of economic growth on specialization is positive for regions with a strong propensity to patent, but negative for the regions with low inventive activities, all things being equal.

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    Article provided by De Boeck Université in its journal Recherches économiques de Louvain.

    Volume (Year): 71 (2005)
    Issue (Month): 3 ()
    Pages: 315-343

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    Handle: RePEc:cai:reldbu:rel_713_0315
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    1. Damien NEVEN & Claudine GOUYETTE, 1993. "Regional Convergence in the European Comunity," Cahiers de Recherches Economiques du Département d'Econométrie et d'Economie politique (DEEP) 9311, Université de Lausanne, Faculté des HEC, DEEP.
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    6. Breusch, Trevor S & Mizon, Grayham E & Schmidt, Peter, 1989. "Efficient Estimation Using Panel Data," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 57(3), pages 695-700, May.
    7. de la Fuente, Angel, 1997. "The empirics of growth and convergence: A selective review," Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control, Elsevier, vol. 21(1), pages 23-73, January.
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    11. Amemiya, Takeshi & MaCurdy, Thomas E, 1986. "Instrumental-Variable Estimation of an Error-Components Model," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 54(4), pages 869-80, July.
    12. Georg Licht & Konrad Zoz, 1998. "Patents and R&D, An Econometric Investigation Using Applications for German, European and US Patents by German Companies," Annals of Economics and Statistics, GENES, issue 49-50, pages 329-360.
    13. Basberg, Bjorn L., 1987. "Patents and the measurement of technological change: A survey of the literature," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 16(2-4), pages 131-141, August.
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    16. Nijman, T.E. & Verbeek, M.J.C.M., 1992. "Testing for selectivity in panel data models," Other publications TiSEM 7ec34a6c-1d84-4052-971c-d, Tilburg University, School of Economics and Management.
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