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Inégalité de patrimoine et progressivité de l'impôt

Listed author(s):
  • Audrey Desbonnet
  • Jean-Olivier Hairault

This paper studies the impact of the progressivity of income and inheritance tax on wealth inequality in France. By switching to a proportional tax system for each type of tax, we find that income-tax progressivity is more effective than inheritance-tax progressivity in reducing wealth inequality. Income-tax progressivity reduces income risk. The precautionary saving of the wealthiest agents decreases and wealth inequality narrows. Inheritance-tax progressivity does not modify income risk significantly. We also show that inheritance-tax progressivity – unlike income-tax progressivity – is inefficient for reducing income inequality.

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Article provided by La Documentation Française in its journal Economie & prévision.

Volume (Year): n° 193 (2010)
Issue (Month): 2 ()
Pages: 21-41

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Handle: RePEc:cai:ecoldc:ecop_193_0021
Contact details of provider: Web page: http://www.cairn.info/revue-economie-et-prevision.htm

References listed on IDEAS
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  1. David Domeij & Jonathan Heathcote, 2004. "On The Distributional Effects Of Reducing Capital Taxes," International Economic Review, Department of Economics, University of Pennsylvania and Osaka University Institute of Social and Economic Research Association, vol. 45(2), pages 523-554, 05.
  2. Gustavo Ventura, "undated". "Flat Tax Reform: A Quantitative Exploration," Computing in Economics and Finance 1997 172, Society for Computational Economics.
  3. Gouveia, Miguel & Strauss, Robert P., 1994. "Effective Federal Individual Tax Functions: An Exploratory Empirical Analysis," National Tax Journal, National Tax Association, vol. 47(2), pages 317-339, June.
  4. Gourinchas, Pierre-Olivier & Parker, Jonathan A, 2001. "The Empirical Importance of Precautionary Saving," CEPR Discussion Papers 2737, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  5. Arrondel, Luc & Laferrere, Anne, 2001. "Taxation and wealth transmission in France," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 79(1), pages 3-33, January.
  6. Jean-Olivier Hairault & François Langot, 2008. "Inequality and Social Security Reforms," Université Paris1 Panthéon-Sorbonne (Post-Print and Working Papers) halshs-00270290, HAL.
  7. S. Rao Aiyagari, 1993. "Uninsured idiosyncratic risk and aggregate saving," Working Papers 502, Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis.
  8. Huggett, Mark, 1996. "Wealth distribution in life-cycle economies," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 38(3), pages 469-494, December.
  9. Tauchen, George & Hussey, Robert, 1991. "Quadrature-Based Methods for Obtaining Approximate Solutions to Nonlinear Asset Pricing Models," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 59(2), pages 371-396, March.
  10. Conesa, Juan Carlos & Krueger, Dirk, 2006. "On the optimal progressivity of the income tax code," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 53(7), pages 1425-1450, October.
  11. Kotlikoff, Laurence J & Summers, Lawrence H, 1981. "The Role of Intergenerational Transfers in Aggregate Capital Accumulation," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 89(4), pages 706-732, August.
  12. James B. Davies, 1982. "The Relative Impact of Inheritance and Other Factors on Economic Inequality," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 97(3), pages 471-498.
  13. Charles Grant & Christos Koulovatianos & Alexander Michaelides & Mario Padula, 2003. "Redistributive Policies through Taxation: Theory and Evidence," CSEF Working Papers 100, Centre for Studies in Economics and Finance (CSEF), University of Naples, Italy.
  14. Modigliani, Franco, 1988. "The Role of Intergenerational Transfers and Life Cycle Saving in the Accumulation of Wealth," Journal of Economic Perspectives, American Economic Association, vol. 2(2), pages 15-40, Spring.
  15. repec:adr:anecst:y:2006:i:82:p:07 is not listed on IDEAS
  16. John Laitner, 2001. "Wealth Accumulation in the U.S.: Do Inheritances and Bequests Play a Significant Role?," Working Papers wp019, University of Michigan, Michigan Retirement Research Center.
  17. Kessler, Denis & Wolff, Edward N, 1991. "A Comparative Analysis of Household Wealth Patterns in France and the United States," Review of Income and Wealth, International Association for Research in Income and Wealth, vol. 37(3), pages 249-266, September.
  18. Luc Arrondel, 2006. "Transmission du patrimoine et impôt successoral," Post-Print halshs-00754636, HAL.
  19. repec:adr:anecst:y:2005:i:78:p:03 is not listed on IDEAS
  20. Jean-Olivier Hairault & François Langot, 2002. "Inégalités et réformes des retraites," Revue Française d'Économie, Programme National Persée, vol. 17(1), pages 97-159.
  21. Alexis Direr & Thomas Weitzenblum, 2006. "Modéliser la distribution des richesses en France," Annals of Economics and Statistics, GENES, issue 82, pages 151-186.
  22. Luc Arrondel & Anne Laferrère, 1991. "Successions et héritiers à travers les données fiscales," Économie et Prévision, Programme National Persée, vol. 100(4), pages 137-159.
  23. Stéfan Lollivier & Daniel Verger, 1996. "Patrimoine des ménages : déterminants et disparités," Économie et Statistique, Programme National Persée, vol. 296(1), pages 13-31.
  24. Varian, Hal R., 1980. "Redistributive taxation as social insurance," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 14(1), pages 49-68, August.
  25. repec:hal:journl:halshs-00270290 is not listed on IDEAS
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