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Postavenie Brazílie v Latinskej Amerike na začiatku 21. storočia

Author

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  • Marián Šabo

    () (Fakulta medzinárodných vzťahov, Ekonomická univerzita v Bratislave)

Abstract

Brazília vstúpila do 21. storočia po veľkej transformácii v deväťdesiatych rokoch 20. storočia. Nasledovali roky dynamického rozvoja, ktoré pribrzdila až svetová finančná kríza. Na minimálny pokles HDP a skutočnosť, že Brazília bola krízou zasiahnutá ako jedna z posledných krajín a prekonala ju ako jedna z prvých, mali okrem veľkého vnútorného trhu vplyv zdravý bankový systém, malá otvorenosť ekonomiky, relatívna diverzifikácia brazílskych exportov, dobrá makroekonomická politika a rozsiahle vládne investície. Avšak aj napriek tomuto pokroku, v Brazílii pretrvávajú určité problémy, ako napr. vysoký verejný dlh, nadhodnotená mena, slabá konkurencieschopnosť domácich firiem, komplikovaný daňový systém, problémy s bezpečnosťou a iné. Brazílii sa však aj napriek tomu úspešne darí posilňovať svoju pozíciu v regióne Latinskej Ameriky a vo svete a jej vplyv a význam neustále rastie.

Suggested Citation

  • Marián Šabo, 2012. "Postavenie Brazílie v Latinskej Amerike na začiatku 21. storočia," Medzinarodne vztahy (Journal of International Relations), Ekonomická univerzita, Fakulta medzinárodných vzÅ¥ahov, vol. 10(2), pages 131-144.
  • Handle: RePEc:brv:journl:v:10:y:2012:i:2:p:131-144
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    File URL: http://fmv.euba.sk/RePEc/brv/journl/MV2012-2.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Cletus C. Coughlin & Michael R. Pakko & William Poole, 2006. "How dangerous is the U.S. current account deficit?," The Regional Economist, Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, issue Apr, pages 4-9.
    2. Msuya, Elibariki, 2007. "The Impact of Foreign Direct Investment on Agricultural Productivity and Poverty Reduction in Tanzania," MPRA Paper 3671, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Brazília; Latinská Amerika; integrácia; rozvíjajúce sa krajiny;

    JEL classification:

    • F15 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Economic Integration
    • F54 - International Economics - - International Relations, National Security, and International Political Economy - - - Colonialism; Imperialism; Postcolonialism
    • F59 - International Economics - - International Relations, National Security, and International Political Economy - - - Other

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