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Long-Short Market Neutral and Index Tracking Strategies Based on Cointegrated Portfolios


  • João Frois Caldeira

    (Banco Cooperativo Sicredi S.A.)

  • Marcelo Savino Portugal



The traditional models to optimize portfolios based on mean-variance analysis aim to determine the portfolio weights that minimize the variance for a certain return level. The covariance matrices used to optimize are difficult to estimate and ad hoc methods often need to be applied to limit or smooth the mean-variance efficient allocations recommended by the model. Although the method is efficient, the tracking error isn’t certainly stationary, so the portfolio can get distant from the benchmark, requiring frequent re-balancements. This work uses cointegration methodology to devise two quantitative strategies: index tracking and long-short market neutral. We aim to design optimal portfolios acquiring the asset prices’ co-movements. The results show that the devise of index tracking portfolios using cointegration generates goods results, replicating the benchmark’s return and volatility. The long-short strategy generated stable returns under several market circumstances, presenting low volatility.

Suggested Citation

  • João Frois Caldeira & Marcelo Savino Portugal, 2010. "Long-Short Market Neutral and Index Tracking Strategies Based on Cointegrated Portfolios," Brazilian Review of Finance, Brazilian Society of Finance, vol. 8(4), pages 469-504.
  • Handle: RePEc:brf:journl:v:8:y:2010:i:4:p:469-504

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    References listed on IDEAS

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    More about this item


    Cointegration; Index Tracking; Long-Short; Market Neutral Strategy;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • C32 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Multiple or Simultaneous Equation Models; Multiple Variables - - - Time-Series Models; Dynamic Quantile Regressions; Dynamic Treatment Effect Models; Diffusion Processes; State Space Models
    • C52 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric Modeling - - - Model Evaluation, Validation, and Selection
    • G11 - Financial Economics - - General Financial Markets - - - Portfolio Choice; Investment Decisions


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