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On Robust Trend Function Hypothesis Testing


  • Harvey David I

    () (School of Economics, University of Nottingham)

  • Leybourne Stephen J

    () (School of Economics, University of Nottingham)

  • Taylor A.M. Robert

    () (School of Economics, University of Nottingham)


In this paper we build upon the robust procedures proposed in Vogelsang (1998) for testing hypotheses concerning the deterministic trend function of a univariate time series. Vogelsang proposes statistics formed from taking the product of a (normalised) Wald statistic for the trend function hypothesis under test with a specific function of a separate variable addition Wald statistic. The function of the second statistic is explicitly chosen such that the resultant product statistic has pivotal limiting null distributions, coincident at a chosen level, under I(0) or I(1) errors. The variable addition statistic in question has also been suggested as a unit root statistic, and we propose corresponding tests based on other well-known unit root statistics. We find that, in the case of the linear trend model, a test formed using the familiar augmented Dickey-Fuller [ADF] statistic provides a useful complement to Vogelsang's original tests, demonstrating generally superior power when the errors display strong serial correlation with this pattern tending to reverse as the degree of serial correlation in the errors lessens. Importantly for practical considerations, the ADF-based tests also display significantly less finite sample over-size in the presence of weakly dependent errors than the original tests.

Suggested Citation

  • Harvey David I & Leybourne Stephen J & Taylor A.M. Robert, 2006. "On Robust Trend Function Hypothesis Testing," Studies in Nonlinear Dynamics & Econometrics, De Gruyter, vol. 10(1), pages 1-27, March.
  • Handle: RePEc:bpj:sndecm:v:10:y:2006:i:1:n:1

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Serena Ng & Pierre Perron, 2001. "LAG Length Selection and the Construction of Unit Root Tests with Good Size and Power," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 69(6), pages 1519-1554, November.
    2. Eugene Canjels & Mark W. Watson, 1997. "Estimating Deterministic Trends In The Presence Of Serially Correlated Errors," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 79(2), pages 184-200, May.
    3. Bunzel, Helle & Vogelsang, Timothy J., 2005. "Powerful Trend Function Tests That Are Robust to Strong Serial Correlation, With an Application to the Prebisch-Singer Hypothesis," Journal of Business & Economic Statistics, American Statistical Association, vol. 23, pages 381-394, October.
    4. Ayat, Leila & Burridge, Peter, 2000. "Unit root tests in the presence of uncertainty about the non-stochastic trend," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 95(1), pages 71-96, March.
    5. Durlauf, Steven N & Phillips, Peter C B, 1988. "Trends versus Random Walks in Time Series Analysis," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 56(6), pages 1333-1354, November.
    6. Timothy J. Vogelsang, 1998. "Trend Function Hypothesis Testing in the Presence of Serial Correlation," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 66(1), pages 123-148, January.
    7. Breitung, Jorg, 2002. "Nonparametric tests for unit roots and cointegration," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 108(2), pages 343-363, June.
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    Cited by:

    1. David I. Harvey & Stephen J. Leybourne & Lisa Xiao, 2009. "Testing for nonlinear trends when the order of integration is unknown," Discussion Papers 09/04, University of Nottingham, Granger Centre for Time Series Econometrics.

    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • C22 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Single Equation Models; Single Variables - - - Time-Series Models; Dynamic Quantile Regressions; Dynamic Treatment Effect Models; Diffusion Processes


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