Explaining Middle Eastern Political Authoritarianism II: Liberalizing Transitions
Long-lived undemocratic political regimes are ubiquitous in the Arab world. The likelihood of a transition declines as a country liberalizes and approaches the democratic asymptote. Worldwide democracy waves are positively associated with the likelihood of transition. Adherence to Islam among the population is uncorrelated with the likelihood of a liberalizing episode, but the Arab population share is negatively correlated with the likelihood of a liberalizing transition. For the Arab countries of the Middle East, the odds on liberalizing transitions occurring are low but rising, and alternative interpretations of the Arab population share variable are important in this regard.
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Volume (Year): 4 (2008)
Issue (Month): 1 (January)
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- Noland, Marcus, 2005. "Religion and economic performance," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 33(8), pages 1215-1232, August.
- Perotti, Roberto, 1996. "Growth, Income Distribution, and Democracy: What the Data Say," Journal of Economic Growth, Springer, vol. 1(2), pages 149-187, June.
- Badawi, Ibrahim El & Makdisi, Samir, 2007. "Explaining the democracy deficit in the Arab world," The Quarterly Review of Economics and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 46(5), pages 813-831, February.
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