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Measuring Criminal Spillovers: Evidence from Three Strikes


  • Tabarrok Alexander

    (George Mason University; Claremont-McKenna College/RAND)

  • Helland Eric

    (George Mason University; Claremont-McKenna College/RAND)


Californias Attorney General was pleased to announce that An unintended but positive consequence of Three-Strikes has been the impact on parolees leaving the state .The growth in the number of parolees leaving California is staggering. Law enforcement officers in other states were presumably less pleased. A displaced criminal is a benefit to California but a cost to other states. If such criminal spillovers are important, law enforcement will over-invest in policies that encourage displacement. We test whether Californias three-strikes law led to significant criminal spillovers.

Suggested Citation

  • Tabarrok Alexander & Helland Eric, 2009. "Measuring Criminal Spillovers: Evidence from Three Strikes," Review of Law & Economics, De Gruyter, vol. 5(1), pages 251-268, May.
  • Handle: RePEc:bpj:rlecon:v:5:y:2009:i:1:n:11

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Radha Iyengar, 2008. "I'd rather be Hanged for a Sheep than a Lamb: The Unintended Consequences of 'Three-Strikes' Laws," NBER Working Papers 13784, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    2. Shepherd, Joanna M, 2002. "Fear of the First Strike: The Full Deterrent Effect of California's Two- and Three-Strikes Legislation," The Journal of Legal Studies, University of Chicago Press, vol. 31(1), pages 159-201, January.
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    Cited by:

    1. Alexander Tabarrok & Paul Heaton & Eric Helland, 2010. "The Measure of Vice and Sin: A Review of the Uses, Limitations and Implications of Crime Data," Chapters,in: Handbook on the Economics of Crime, chapter 3 Edward Elgar Publishing.
    2. Ross, Amanda, 2012. "Crime, police, and truth-in-sentencing: The impact of state sentencing policy on local communities," Regional Science and Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 42(1-2), pages 144-152.

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