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Public Private Partnership between Local Governments and Nonprofits in Japan


  • Okuyama Naoko

    (Osaka University and The Japan Society for Promotion and Science)

  • Ishida Yu

    (Akashi National College of Technology)

  • Yamauchi Naoto

    (Osaka University)


In the framework of public sector reform and the recently popularized concept of a "new public sphere," attention has been focused on the significance and effectiveness of public private partnership (PPP). However, the smooth operation of PPP practice is yet to be realized, and the nonprofit sector still faces challenges in becoming a government partner in public service provision. We examine government behavior in PPP practice and its stance on partnership practice and collaborative relations with contemporary nonprofit organizations. Through public finance statistics and a unique set of variables, an empirical analysis reveals that the existence of nonprofit organizations (NPOs) positively affects local government decisions to implement PPP practices and outsource to NPOs for public service provision. Other influential factors include local governments' budgetary conditions, attitudes towards public administration and finance, local chief executive characteristics, and neighboring local government behaviors.

Suggested Citation

  • Okuyama Naoko & Ishida Yu & Yamauchi Naoto, 2010. "Public Private Partnership between Local Governments and Nonprofits in Japan," Nonprofit Policy Forum, De Gruyter, vol. 1(1), pages 1-23, November.
  • Handle: RePEc:bpj:nonpfo:v:1:y:2010:i:1:p:23:n:6

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Florencio Lopez-de-Silanes & Andrei Shleifer & Robert Vishny, 1997. "Privatization in the United States," RAND Journal of Economics, The RAND Corporation, vol. 28(3), pages 447-471, Autumn.
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    4. Samuel Staley & John Blair, 1995. "Institutions, quality competition and public service provision: The case of public education," Constitutional Political Economy, Springer, vol. 6(1), pages 21-33, December.
    5. repec:hrv:faseco:30727606 is not listed on IDEAS
    6. Jan K. Brueckner, 2003. "Strategic Interaction Among Governments: An Overview of Empirical Studies," International Regional Science Review, , vol. 26(2), pages 175-188, April.
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