IDEAS home Printed from
   My bibliography  Save this article

Developing Countries in the 21st Century WTO: New Contours of India's Global Engagement


  • Karmakar Suparna

    (ISAS, NUS, Singapore)


As an institution, the WTO (with 153 members) has functioned very differently from the GATT. The old power centers within the multilateral trade regime have been joined by new power centers, especially the emerging economies. Developing and the least-developed members, acting in coalitions, have become more effective players in the Doha Round with significant success in ensuring that WTO agreements are in their favour. However, they have not had similar success in setting the negotiating agendas that meet their expectations and development concerns.This paper examines the changing contours of the engagement of developing countries, with special reference to India, in the 21st century WTO system of trade governance. It argues that emerging developing countries today need to pick up the leadership mantle with determination and play a constructive role in furthering the cause for sustained trade integration. This will be in the larger interest of protecting their international market access as well as much needed domestic reforms. The paper tries to identify the role and responsibilities of emerging powers like India in the steering and governance of the post-Doha WTO.

Suggested Citation

  • Karmakar Suparna, 2009. "Developing Countries in the 21st Century WTO: New Contours of India's Global Engagement," The Law and Development Review, De Gruyter, vol. 2(1), pages 1-27, January.
  • Handle: RePEc:bpj:lawdev:v:2:y:2009:i:1:n:1

    Download full text from publisher

    File URL:
    Download Restriction: For access to full text, subscription to the journal or payment for the individual article is required.

    As the access to this document is restricted, you may want to search for a different version of it.

    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Kyle Bagwell & Robert W. Staiger, 2011. "What Do Trade Negotiators Negotiate About? Empirical Evidence from the World Trade Organization," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 101(4), pages 1238-1273, June.
    2. Jeffrey J. Schott & Jayashree Watal, 2000. "Decision-Making in the WTO," Policy Briefs PB00-2, Peterson Institute for International Economics.
    3. Patrick A. Messerlin, 2005. "Three Variations on ‘The Future of the WTO’," Journal of International Economic Law, Oxford University Press, vol. 8(2), pages 299-309, June.
    4. Bhagwati Jagdish, 2005. "From Seattle to Hong Kong: Are We Getting Anywhere?," Global Economy Journal, De Gruyter, vol. 5(4), pages 1-15, December.
    5. Amrita Narlikar & Diana Tussie, 2004. "The G20 at the Cancun Ministerial: Developing Countries and Their Evolving Coalitions in the WTO," The World Economy, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 27(7), pages 947-966, July.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    More about this item


    Access and download statistics


    All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. You can help correct errors and omissions. When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:bpj:lawdev:v:2:y:2009:i:1:n:1. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Peter Golla). General contact details of provider: .

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    If CitEc recognized a reference but did not link an item in RePEc to it, you can help with this form .

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your RePEc Author Service profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    IDEAS is a RePEc service hosted by the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis . RePEc uses bibliographic data supplied by the respective publishers.