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From Foe to Friend? Business, the Tipping Point and U.S. Climate Politics


  • Vormedal Irja

    (University of Oslo)


This article develops a model for analyzing corporate strategy formation and regulatory change in environmental politics. The model emphasize how conditions that materialize through the dynamic interplay between corporate preferences and multilevel environmental governance can trigger the emergence of tipping points, at which a critical mass of leading industries begin to push for regulatory change. It is argued that tipping points often generate new political momentum and may lead to considerable progress in political and legislative bargaining. The model is applied to a case study of U.S. climate politics between 1990 and 2010. The case demonstrates that the tipping point model provides a plausible account of the intersection between business strategies and the failures and successes of federal climate action in this period.

Suggested Citation

  • Vormedal Irja, 2011. "From Foe to Friend? Business, the Tipping Point and U.S. Climate Politics," Business and Politics, De Gruyter, vol. 13(3), pages 1-31, October.
  • Handle: RePEc:bpj:buspol:v:13:y:2011:i:3:n:5

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. W. Neil Adger & Saleemul Huq & Katrina Brown & Declan Conway & Mike Hulme, 2003. "Adaptation to climate change in the developing world," Progress in Development Studies, , vol. 3(3), pages 179-195, July.
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    1. repec:eee:enepol:v:108:y:2017:i:c:p:583-592 is not listed on IDEAS
    2. Jonas Meckling, 2015. "Oppose, Support, or Hedge? Distributional Effects, Regulatory Pressure, and Business Strategy in Environmental Politics," Global Environmental Politics, MIT Press, vol. 15(2), pages 19-37, May.
    3. Thurston Chloe & Bowen Kathryn, 2011. "U.S. Domestic Politics and International Political Economy: An Introduction to the Special Issue," Business and Politics, De Gruyter, vol. 13(3), pages 1-6, October.
    4. Grumbach Jacob M., 2015. "Polluting industries as climate protagonists: cap and trade and the problem of business preferences," Business and Politics, De Gruyter, vol. 17(4), pages 633-659, December.

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