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Biofuels Policies in Asian Countries: Impact of the Expanded Biofuels Programs on World Agricultural Markets


  • Koizumi Tatsuji

    (Policy Research Institute, The Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries of Japan)

  • Ohga Keiji

    (College of Bioresources Science, Nihon University)


The governments of Asian countries are promoting biofuels programs to deal with energy security and environmental problems, and to increase farm income. However, securing raw materials for biofuels is a crucial problem, because these raw materials comprise various agricultural products which are used as food sources in Asian countries. Increasing biofuel consumption is exacerbating this problem. To address it, the governments of Asian countries are working on biofuel programs which will not compete with food security. Most of the Asian countries are food-importing countries. Increasing food prices, due to competition, could lead to social unrest. It is expected that the introduction and development of second-generation biofuels can mitigate the competition between food and energy. As various countries develop second-generation biofuels, international cooperation is needed to maximize such development in Asia and other regions. Establishing international cooperation to develop second-generation biofuels is urgently needed in Asian countries.

Suggested Citation

  • Koizumi Tatsuji & Ohga Keiji, 2007. "Biofuels Policies in Asian Countries: Impact of the Expanded Biofuels Programs on World Agricultural Markets," Journal of Agricultural & Food Industrial Organization, De Gruyter, vol. 5(2), pages 1-22, December.
  • Handle: RePEc:bpj:bjafio:v:5:y:2007:i:2:n:8

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    Cited by:

    1. Edrisi, Sheikh Adil & Dubey, Rama Kant & Tripathi, Vishal & Bakshi, Mansi & Srivastava, Pankaj & Jamil, Sarah & Singh, H.B. & Singh, Nandita & Abhilash, P.C., 2015. "Jatropha curcas L.: A crucified plant waiting for resurgence," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 41(C), pages 855-862.
    2. Kretschmer, Bettina & Peterson, Sonja, 2010. "Integrating bioenergy into computable general equilibrium models -- A survey," Energy Economics, Elsevier, vol. 32(3), pages 673-686, May.
    3. Jayakumar, Saravanan & Yusoff, Mashitah M. & Rahim, Mohd Hasbi Ab. & Maniam, Gaanty Pragas & Govindan, Natanamurugaraj, 2017. "The prospect of microalgal biodiesel using agro-industrial and industrial wastes in Malaysia," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 72(C), pages 33-47.
    4. Hira, Anil, 2011. "Sugar rush: Prospects for a global ethanol market," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 39(11), pages 6925-6935.
    5. Kamal Soundararajan & Elspeth Thomson, 2013. "Asia and European transport biofuels stalled at the same place?," Asia Europe Journal, Springer, vol. 11(3), pages 247-263, September.
    6. Zhou, Adrian & Thomson, Elspeth, 2009. "The development of biofuels in Asia," Applied Energy, Elsevier, vol. 86(Supplemen), pages 11-20, November.
    7. Hosseini, Seyed Ehsan & Wahid, Mazlan Abdul, 2012. "Necessity of biodiesel utilization as a source of renewable energy in Malaysia," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 16(8), pages 5732-5740.

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