Risk Averse Supervisors and the Efficiency of Collusion
This paper studies the efficiency of collusion between supervisors and supervisees. Building on Tirole (1986)'s results that deterring collusion with infinitely risk averse supervisors is impossible, while it is costless to do so under risk neutrality, we develop here a theory of collusion based on a trade-off between the risk premia required by (less extreme) risk attitudes and incentives. This allows us to link the efficiency of collusion to the supervisor's risk aversion and to various parameters characterizing the economic environment in which collusion may take place. We are then able to derive implications for the design of organizations, like determining how the number of tasks/agents per supervisor or the level of competition may impact on the cost of collusion, studying the impact of vertical integration on those same costs, or characterizing the role of uncertainty on side-contracting.
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Volume (Year): 2 (2003)
Issue (Month): 1 (January)
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References listed on IDEAS
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- Jean-Jacques Laffont & Jean Tirole, 1993. "A Theory of Incentives in Procurement and Regulation," MIT Press Books, The MIT Press, edition 1, volume 1, number 0262121743, June.
- Tirole, Jean, 1986. "Hierarchies and Bureaucracies: On the Role of Collusion in Organizations," Journal of Law, Economics and Organization, Oxford University Press, vol. 2(2), pages 181-214, Fall.
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qt19p7z2gm, Department of Economics, UC San Diego.
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- Bengt Holmstrom, 1997.
"Moral Hazard and Observability,"
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1205, David K. Levine.
- Jean-Jacques Laffont & David Martimort, 1997.
"The Firm as a Multicontract Organization,"
Journal of Economics & Management Strategy,
Wiley Blackwell, vol. 6(2), pages 201-234, 06.
- Baliga, Sandeep, 1999. "Monitoring and Collusion with "Soft" Information," Journal of Law, Economics and Organization, Oxford University Press, vol. 15(2), pages 434-40, July.
- Martimort, David, 1999. "The Life Cycle of Regulatory Agencies: Dynamic Capture and Transaction Costs," Review of Economic Studies, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 66(4), pages 929-47, October.
- Steven Shavell, 1979. "Risk Sharing and Incentives in the Principal and Agent Relationship," Bell Journal of Economics, The RAND Corporation, vol. 10(1), pages 55-73, Spring.
- Leonardo Felli & J. Miguel Villas-Boas, 2000. "Renegotiation and Collusion in Organizations," Journal of Economics & Management Strategy, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 9(4), pages 453-483, December.
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