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Assessing Investment and Longevity Risks within Immediate Annuities


  • Bauer Daniel

    (Georgia State University)

  • Weber Frederik

    (Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München, Germany)


Life annuities provide a guaranteed income for the remainder of the recipients lifetime, and therefore, annuitization represents an important option when choosing an adequate investment strategy for the retirement period. While there are numerous scientific articles studying annuities from the pensioners point of view, thus far, there have been few contributions considering annuities from the providers perspective. In particular, there are no surveys on the general risks within annuity books.The present paper aims at filling this gap: Using a simulation framework, it provides a longterm analysis of the risks within annuity books. More specifically, the mutual as well as the respective impacts of systematic mortality risk and investment risk on the insurers financial situation are studied.The key finding is that under the model specifications and using annuity data from the United Kingdom, the risk premium charged for longevity risk seems to be very high relative to its characteristics. Possible explanations as well as economic implications are provided, and potential caveats are discussed.

Suggested Citation

  • Bauer Daniel & Weber Frederik, 2008. "Assessing Investment and Longevity Risks within Immediate Annuities," Asia-Pacific Journal of Risk and Insurance, De Gruyter, vol. 3(1), pages 1-24, September.
  • Handle: RePEc:bpj:apjrin:v:3:y:2008:i:1:n:6

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Moshe A. Milevsky & Kristen S. Moore & Virginia R. Young, 2006. "Asset Allocation And Annuity-Purchase Strategies To Minimize The Probability Of Financial Ruin," Mathematical Finance, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 16(4), pages 647-671.
    2. Renshaw, A.E. & Haberman, S., 2006. "A cohort-based extension to the Lee-Carter model for mortality reduction factors," Insurance: Mathematics and Economics, Elsevier, vol. 38(3), pages 556-570, June.
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    Cited by:

    1. Bauer, Daniel & Börger, Matthias & Ruß, Jochen, 2010. "On the pricing of longevity-linked securities," Insurance: Mathematics and Economics, Elsevier, vol. 46(1), pages 139-149, February.
    2. Katja Hanewald & Thomas Post & Helmut Gründl, 2011. "Stochastic Mortality, Macroeconomic Risks and Life Insurer Solvency," The Geneva Papers on Risk and Insurance - Issues and Practice, Palgrave Macmillan;The Geneva Association, vol. 36(3), pages 458-475, July.
    3. Thomas Post, 2009. "Individual Welfare Gains from Deferred Life-Annuities under Stochastic Lee-Carter Mortality," SFB 649 Discussion Papers SFB649DP2009-022, Sonderforschungsbereich 649, Humboldt University, Berlin, Germany.
    4. Qi Ming, 2013. "The Impact of Mortality Risk on the Asset and Liability Management of Insurance Companies," Asia-Pacific Journal of Risk and Insurance, De Gruyter, vol. 7(2), pages 81-104, July.
    5. Ngai, Andrew & Sherris, Michael, 2011. "Longevity risk management for life and variable annuities: The effectiveness of static hedging using longevity bonds and derivatives," Insurance: Mathematics and Economics, Elsevier, vol. 49(1), pages 100-114, July.
    6. repec:eee:hapoch:v1_237 is not listed on IDEAS
    7. Post Thomas, 2012. "Individual Welfare Gains from Deferred Life-Annuities under Stochastic Mortality," Asia-Pacific Journal of Risk and Insurance, De Gruyter, vol. 6(2), pages 1-26, June.
    8. Fang, H., 2016. "Insurance Markets for the Elderly," Handbook of the Economics of Population Aging, Elsevier.
    9. repec:bla:jrinsu:v:84:y:2017:i:1:p:153-175 is not listed on IDEAS

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