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Research & development and regional smart specialisation: do they matter for productivity?

Author

Listed:
  • Peter Pisár

    () (Faculty of Economics, Matej Bel University in Banská Bystrica, Slovakia)

  • Jan Huňady

    () (Faculty of Economics, Matej Bel University in Banská Bystrica, Slovakia)

  • Ina Ďurčeková

    () (Faculty of Economics, Matej Bel University in Banská Bystrica, Slovakia)

Abstract

Research and development activities within the region are often seen as a key driving force of innovation performance. This is further important for productivity growth and economic growth of the region. These issues are part of European Union strategy for regional development called Smart Specialization. Higher education institutions play important role in the support of innovation in the region via their own research activities, knowledge creation and dissemination and improvement of the human capital in the region. The main aim of our research is to test potential link between intensity of research & development as well as specialization of the region and labour productivity in the region. In our research we compared NUTS 2 regions in the Czech Republic and Slovakia based on the selected indicators related to research and development. We used factor analysis and regression analysis based on the cross-sectional data for all NUTS 2 regions in the EU. Our results strongly suggest that focus on research & development activities is positively correlated with higher labour productivity in the region. Higher number of scientific publications and patents is also positively linked to higher productivity in the region. The same seems to be true for higher share of tertiary educated inhabitants. Fulltext: https://doi.org/10.1515/acta-2018-0002

Suggested Citation

  • Peter Pisár & Jan Huňady & Ina Ďurčeková, 2018. "Research & development and regional smart specialisation: do they matter for productivity?," Acta Universitatis Bohemiae Meridionales, University of South Bohemia in Ceske Budejovice, vol. 21(2), pages 1-15.
  • Handle: RePEc:boh:actaub:v:21:y:2018:i:2:p:1-15
    DOI: 10.1515/acta-2018-0002
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Research & Development; Labour Productivity; Smart Specialisation; Infrastructure; Higher education;

    JEL classification:

    • I23 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Education - - - Higher Education; Research Institutions
    • O38 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Innovation; Research and Development; Technological Change; Intellectual Property Rights - - - Government Policy
    • J24 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Human Capital; Skills; Occupational Choice; Labor Productivity
    • E24 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Consumption, Saving, Production, Employment, and Investment - - - Employment; Unemployment; Wages; Intergenerational Income Distribution; Aggregate Human Capital; Aggregate Labor Productivity

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