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After Urban Restructuring: Relocations And Segregation In Dutch Cities

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  • GIDEON BOLT
  • RONALD VAN KEMPEN
  • JAN VAN WEESEP

Abstract

Numerous studies have been devoted to documenting the shifting patterns of ethnic segregation in the cities of the Netherlands during the past few decades. But an analysis of residential mobility that would reveal the mechanisms of change has rarely been included. In this paper such household mobility is studied against the background of the current urban restructuring policy. This policy consists of the selective demolition of inexpensive rented housing and the construction of homeowner dwellings in its stead, leading to changes in the social make-up of neighbourhoods. The change is caused by the displacement of ethnic and other low-income households, the result of their decisions how to use the incentives to move offered by the policy. Thus, this paper deals with the question how urban restructuring affects segregation patterns. Ethnic and socio-economic variables are at the core of the analysis. The outcome is that while the social make-up of neighbourhoods is altered, and low-income households shift in space, the displacement does not contribute to desegregation. Copyright (c) 2009 by the Royal Dutch Geographical Society KNAG.

Suggested Citation

  • Gideon Bolt & Ronald Van Kempen & Jan Van Weesep, 2009. "After Urban Restructuring: Relocations And Segregation In Dutch Cities," Tijdschrift voor Economische en Sociale Geografie, Royal Dutch Geographical Society KNAG, vol. 100(4), pages 502-518, September.
  • Handle: RePEc:bla:tvecsg:v:100:y:2009:i:4:p:502-518
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Gideon Bolt & Ronald van Kempen & Maarten van Ham, 2008. "Minority Ethnic Groups in the Dutch Housing Market: Spatial Segregation, Relocation Dynamics and Housing Policy," Urban Studies, Urban Studies Journal Limited, vol. 45(7), pages 1359-1384, June.
    2. van der Klaauw, Bas & van Ours, Jan C., 2003. "From welfare to work: does the neighborhood matter?," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 87(5-6), pages 957-985, May.
    3. Ronald van Kempen & A. şule Özüekren, 1998. "Ethnic Segregation in Cities: New Forms and Explanations in a Dynamic World," Urban Studies, Urban Studies Journal Limited, vol. 35(10), pages 1631-1656, October.
    4. Kevin M. Dunn, 1998. "Rethinking Ethnic Concentration: The Case of Cabramatta, Sydney," Urban Studies, Urban Studies Journal Limited, vol. 35(3), pages 503-527, March.
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    1. repec:gam:jsusta:v:7:y:2015:i:12:p:16849-16865:d:60972 is not listed on IDEAS
    2. Yongchun Yang & Deli Zhang & Qingmin Meng & Corrin McCarn, 2015. "Urban Residential Land Use Reconstruction under Dual-Track Mechanism of Market Socialism in China: A Case Study of Chengdu," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 7(12), pages 1-17, December.

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