The Cost of Parenthood: Unraveling the Effects of Sexual Orientation and Gender on Income
Prior research has repeatedly shown that parenthood affects employment outcomes; mothers have, on average, lower wages and are less likely to be hired than childless women. Some research indicates that this effect of parenthood on employment outcomes is dependent on sexual orientation. In particular, lesbian mothers might be treated more like childless women by those making employment decisions. This article examines the degree to which the lesbian wage advantage can be explained by lesbians avoiding the motherhood wage penalty experienced by heterosexual women. Copyright (c) 2009 by the Southwestern Social Science Association.
Volume (Year): 90 (2009)
Issue (Month): 4 ()
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