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Urban Pollution, Unemployment and National Welfare in a Dualistic Economy

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  • Makoto Tawada
  • Shuqin Sun

Abstract

This paper undertakes a comparative static analysis in the Harris-Todaro (H-T) model by accommodating local pollution. Unlike in the classical H-T model where migration proceeds in response to urban-rural differences in expected earnings, we consider labor movement taking place according to the difference in utility, which is influenced by the quality of the local environment. The paradoxical result is that an improvement in pollution-abatement technology gives rise to an increase in urban unemployment and has no effect on the workers' aggregate welfare. Copyright © 2010 Blackwell Publishing Ltd.

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  • Makoto Tawada & Shuqin Sun, 2010. "Urban Pollution, Unemployment and National Welfare in a Dualistic Economy," Review of Development Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 14(2), pages 311-322, May.
  • Handle: RePEc:bla:rdevec:v:14:y:2010:i:2:p:311-322
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Bhagwati, Jagdish N & Srinivasan, T N, 1974. "On Reanalyzing the Harris-Todaro Model: Policy Rankings in the Case of Sector-Specific Sticky Wages," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 64(3), pages 502-508, June.
    2. Srinivasan, T. N. & Bhagwati, Jagdish, 1975. "Alternative policy rankings in a large, open economy with sector-specific, minimum wages," Journal of Economic Theory, Elsevier, vol. 11(3), pages 356-371, December.
    3. Dean, Judith M & Gangopadhyay, Shubhashis, 1997. "Export Bans, Environmental Protection, and Unemployment," Review of Development Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 1(3), pages 324-336, October.
    4. Neary, J Peter, 1981. "On the Harris-Todaro Model with Intersectoral Capital Mobility," Economica, London School of Economics and Political Science, vol. 48(191), pages 219-234, August.
    5. Ichiroh Daitoh, 2003. "Environmental Protection and Urban Unemployment: Environmental Policy Reform in a Polluted Dualistic Economy," Review of Development Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 7(3), pages 496-509, August.
    6. Chandra, Vandana & Khan, M Ali, 1993. "Foreign Investment in the Presence of an Informal Sector," Economica, London School of Economics and Political Science, vol. 60(237), pages 79-103, February.
    7. Ichiroh Daitoh, 2008. "Environmental Protection and Trade Liberalization in a Small Open Dual Economy," Review of Development Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 12(4), pages 728-736, November.
    8. Harris, John R & Todaro, Michael P, 1970. "Migration, Unemployment & Development: A Two-Sector Analysis," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 60(1), pages 126-142, March.
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    Cited by:

    1. Li, Xiaochun & Xu, Yuanting & Wang, Dianshuang, 2014. "Environment and labor movement of skilled labor and unskilled labor between sectors," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 38(C), pages 367-371.
    2. Kenzo Abe & Muneyuki Saito, 2016. "Environmental Protection in the Presence of Unemployment and Common Resources," Review of Development Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 20(1), pages 176-188, February.
    3. Chi-Chur Chao & Eden Siu Hung Yu, 2014. "Special Issue: Issues in Asia. Guest Editor: Laixun Zhao," Review of Development Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 18(2), pages 195-202, May.
    4. Pi, Jiancai & Zhang, Pengqing, 2017. "Foreign capital, pollution control, and wage inequality in developing countries," International Review of Economics & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 48(C), pages 280-288.
    5. Pan, Lijun & Zhou, Yu, 2013. "International factor mobility, environmental pollution and skilled–unskilled wage inequality in developing countries," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 33(C), pages 826-831.
    6. Azusa Nakamura, 2013. "Special Issue. Guest Editor: Zhihao Yu," Review of Development Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 17(3), pages 585-593, August.

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