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Sources of Comparative Advantages in Brazil

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  • Beatriz Muriel
  • Cristina Terra

Abstract

Based on the Heckscher‐Ohlin‐Vanek model, the authors investigate relative factor abundance in Brazil, as revealed by its international trade. They study two different time periods: one characterized by high trade barriers (1980–85) and the trade liberalization period (1990–95). Two alternative methodologies are used: the estimation of factor intensity regressions on net exports and the direct computation of factor content in net exports. In the factor intensity regression, the authors incorporate technological changes that might have occurred over time, and these turn out to be significant. Both methods yield the same results: the Brazilian international trade reveals relative abundance in capital, land, and unskilled labor, and scarcity in skilled labor, with qualitatively equivalent results for the two time periods studied.

Suggested Citation

  • Beatriz Muriel & Cristina Terra, 2009. "Sources of Comparative Advantages in Brazil," Review of Development Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 13(1), pages 15-27, February.
  • Handle: RePEc:bla:rdevec:v:13:y:2009:i:1:p:15-27
    DOI: 10.1111/j.1467-9361.2008.00493.x
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    Cited by:

    1. Pedro Moncarz & Marcelo Olarreaga & Marcel Vaillant, 2016. "Regionalism as Industrial Policy: Evidence from MERCOSUR," Review of Development Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 20(1), pages 359-373, February.
    2. Osama Elsalih & Kamil Sertoglu & Mustafa Besim, 2021. "Determinants of comparative advantage of crude oil production: Evidence from OPEC and non‐OPEC countries," International Journal of Finance & Economics, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 26(3), pages 3972-3983, July.
    3. Fally, Thibault & Paillacar, Rodrigo & Terra, Cristina, 2010. "Economic geography and wages in Brazil: Evidence from micro-data," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 91(1), pages 155-168, January.
    4. Laura Hering & Rodrigo Paillacar, 2016. "Does Access to Foreign Markets Shape Internal Migration? Evidence from Brazil," The World Bank Economic Review, World Bank Group, vol. 30(1), pages 78-103.

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    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • F11 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Neoclassical Models of Trade
    • F14 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Empirical Studies of Trade

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