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Parking in the city

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  • Simon P. Anderson
  • André de Palma

Abstract

We integrate parking in a simple manner into the basic monocentric model. In equilibrium, the city divides into three zones. Closest to the CBD are parking lots, with residential housing further out. Residents contiguous to the parking lots walk to work. Those in the last band drive to a parking lot and then walk the remaining distance to the CBD. We first assume that parking is unattributed and subject to a common property resource problem. Then the social optimum configuration is identical to the equilibrium when parking lots are monopolistically competitively priced. That is, the optimum is decentralised by private ownership when operators maximise profits under competitive constraints. With attributed parking, the optimum is also attained in equilibrium, and entails higher welfare than unattributed parking. Copyright (c) 2007 the author(s). Journal compilation (c) 2007 RSAI.

Suggested Citation

  • Simon P. Anderson & André de Palma, 2007. "Parking in the city," Papers in Regional Science, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 86(4), pages 621-632, November.
  • Handle: RePEc:bla:presci:v:86:y:2007:i:4:p:621-632
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Arnott, Richard & Inci, Eren & Rowse, John, 2015. "Downtown curbside parking capacity," Journal of Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 86(C), pages 83-97.
    2. Fosgerau, Mogens & de Palma, André, 2013. "The dynamics of urban traffic congestion and the price of parking," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, pages 106-115.
    3. Inci, Eren & Lindsey, Robin, 2015. "Garage and curbside parking competition with search congestion," Regional Science and Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 54(C), pages 49-59.
    4. Richard Arnott, 2011. "Parking Economics," Chapters,in: A Handbook of Transport Economics, chapter 31 Edward Elgar Publishing.
    5. Kevin Hasker & Eren Inci, 2014. "Free Parking For All In Shopping Malls," International Economic Review, Department of Economics, University of Pennsylvania and Osaka University Institute of Social and Economic Research Association, vol. 55, pages 1281-1304, November.
    6. Groote, Jesper De & Ommeren, Jos Van & Koster, Hans R.A., 2016. "Car ownership and residential parking subsidies: Evidence from Amsterdam," Economics of Transportation, Elsevier, vol. 6(C), pages 25-37.
    7. repec:eee:transb:v:101:y:2017:i:c:p:107-122 is not listed on IDEAS
    8. Nourinejad, Mehdi & Roorda, Matthew J., 2017. "Impact of hourly parking pricing on travel demand," Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice, Elsevier, vol. 98(C), pages 28-45.
    9. Zheng, Nan & Geroliminis, Nikolas, 2016. "Modeling and optimization of multimodal urban networks with limited parking and dynamic pricing," Transportation Research Part B: Methodological, Elsevier, vol. 83(C), pages 36-58.
    10. Inci, Eren, 2015. "A review of the economics of parking," Economics of Transportation, Elsevier, pages 50-63.

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