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Rainfall, The Méline Tariff, And Wheat Production In Mediterranean France, 1885–1914


  • Jean‐Pascal Bassino
  • Jean‐Pierre Dormois


Wheat production stagnated in France during the late nineteenth and early twentieth century, while cultivated acreage and wheat output declined sharply around the Mediterranean from the 1870s. Wheat output never recovered in this region despite the introduction in 1885 of tariff measures, such as the 1892 Méline Tariff. This paper analyses the response of Mediterranean wheat growers to changes in local rainfall and to variations of the duty on imported grains. It uses regional level data for nine administrative divisions located on or near the Mediterranean and assesses the impact of rainfall on yields. It argues that an interplay of protectionist policies and environmental conditions explain the decline of wheat production.

Suggested Citation

  • Jean‐Pascal Bassino & Jean‐Pierre Dormois, 2010. "Rainfall, The Méline Tariff, And Wheat Production In Mediterranean France, 1885–1914," Australian Economic History Review, Economic History Society of Australia and New Zealand, vol. 50(1), pages 23-38, March.
  • Handle: RePEc:bla:ozechr:v:50:y:2010:i:1:p:23-38
    DOI: 10.1111/j.1467-8446.2009.00270.x

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Parrott, Scott D. & McIntosh, Christopher S., 1996. "Nonconstant Price Expectations and Acreage Response: The Case of Cotton Production in Georgia," Journal of Agricultural and Applied Economics, Cambridge University Press, vol. 28(1), pages 203-210, July.
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    Cited by:

    1. Vincent Bignon & Cecilia Garcia-Peñalosa, 2016. "Protectionism and the Education-Fertility Trade-off in Late 19th Century France," AMSE Working Papers 1604, Aix-Marseille School of Economics, France, revised Jan 2016.
    2. Jean-pascal Bassino & Celine Gimet & Stephane Quefelec, 2018. "Climate and output variability in the Euro-Mediterranean region, 1950-2000," Economics Bulletin, AccessEcon, vol. 38(4), pages 1811-1822.

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